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Asia-Pacific Regional Guide for Educators

 

The guide provides teacher educators and teachers with an understanding of the concept of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) and explains why ICH should be integrated into the curriculum in tandem with the principles and perspectives of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). This guide explains how the strategic incorporation of ICH elements and ESD principles into the curriculum can enable learners to gain the knowledge and skills that are necessary for ensuring sustainable development in the future.

Within the framework of the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, this guide is intended to raise the capacity of teachers to incorporate local elements of ICH, and principles of ESD, into teaching and learning practices. The guide provides examples of how the teaching and learning of ICH for sustainable development has been creatively incorporated into several disciplines – such as mathematics, science, music and social studies – in various cultural settings. It also suggests steps for preparing and assessing lesson plans.

UNESCO developed this guide based on the results of pilot projects conducted in four countries in the Asia-Pacific region, where participants developed locally-customized guidelines and materials for the incorporation of ICH elements and ESD principles into teaching and learning in schools. The examples of ICH given in this guide are not more significant expressions than others and are not necessarily those that should be prioritized, they are just illustrative samples.

National Guidelines for Writing Lesson Plans

These guidelines were developed by the pilot countries to facilitate the replication and expansion of the programme within their respective countries. Each country based their own set of guidelines on their context and needs.

These can be used as sources of inspiration for similar activities in other countries.

Sample Lesson Plans

Pilot countries developed lesson plans addressing a variety of curricular subjects, ICH elements and ESD principles.

These sample lesson plans demonstrate how several ICH can be incorporated into school subjects. They also show the innovative and creative pedagogical approaches teachers can use to enhance the quality of the lessons and improve learning outcomes. Furthermore, these lessons show that textbook knowledge takes on meaning for students when they are able to relate to it through a cultural practices and familiar contexts.

Each team participating in the pilot projects developed their own lesson plans, based on their requirements, so the formats of the lessons vary.

The table below displays a short selection of these lesson plans.

Social Studies and Humanities

Art techniques of the Sultans of Dehli

Curricular subject: History

Grade: 8

ICH element: Calligraphy

ESD principle*: Respect for collective memory and experience

Country: Pakistan

A Poem – Sahar Ho Gayi Hai

Curricular subject: Urdu

Grade: 8

ICH element: Poetry

ESD principle*: Respect for environment

Country: Pakistan

Mughal Architecture

Curricular subject: Social Studies

Grade: 7

ICH element: Traditional Craftsmanship/Social Practices

ESD principle*: Appreciation of cultural creativity and diversity

Country: Pakistan

Understanding the notion of respect within the community, via the study of road rules

Curricular subject: Palauan Studies

Grade: 6

ICH element: Code for social interactions

ESD principle*: Transformative change in awareness, attitudes and behaviors

Country: Palau

 Science

Periodic Table with Tappas

Curricular subject: Chemistry

Grade: 8

ICH element: Folk Music and Rhythm

ESD principle*: Respect for collective memory and experience

Country: Pakistan

The source of sounds

Curricular subject: Physics

Grade: 7

ICH element: Muong traditional music

ESD principle*: Respect for collective memory and experience

Country: Viet Nam

Chemical composition of paint

Curricular subject: Chemistry

Grade: 9

ICH element: Truck Art/Painting

ESD principle*: Respect for environment

Country: Pakistan

General features and roles of mollusks

Curricular subject: Biology

Grade: 7

ICH element: Shell inlay craftsmanship

ESD principle*: Respect for environment

Country: Viet Nam

Arts and Local Life Sciences

The “Qayoqqa ketding, Mahliyo” folk song

Curricular subject: Music education

Grade: 6

ICH element: Traditional folk songs

ESD principle*: Respect for collective memory and experience

Country: Uzbekistan

Physical and Health Sciences

“Besh tosh” and “Lanka” Uzbek Folk Games

Curricular subject: Physical education

Grade: 6

ICH element: Traditional folk game

ESD principle*: Respect for collective memory and experience

Country: Uzbekistan

* The ESD principles are provided for indicative reasons only. Several principles could apply to a lesson.