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Labor Migration by Village

Labor Migration by Village, Mae Hong Son

Labor migration from the highland villages surveyed in Mae Hong Son is relatively uncommon: only about 11 % of survey respondents reported working outside of their home district for more than one month in the year prior to participating in the survey.

 

Primary Destination of Migrant Laborers by Village

Primary Destination of Migrant Laborers by Village, Mae Hong Son

This map identifies the primary destination of respondents who reported to work outside of their district for more than a month in the year prior to participating in the survey.

Remittances Made by Village

Remittances Made by Village, Mae Hong Son

Approximately 62% of respondents who had traveled outside their district for work in the year prior to participating in the survey, sent remittances to family members in Mae Hong Son at least once.

Remittances Received by Village

Remittances Received by Village, Mae Hong Son

About 27% of all households surveyed received remittances during the past year. And about 5 % of the surveyed population in Mae Hong Son reported receiving remittances regularly (more than twice during the past year.)

Labor Migration by Sub-district

Labor Migration by Sub-District, Mae Hong Son

The rate of migrant laborers among survey respondents is similar across different ethnic groups.

Primary Destination of Migrant Laborers by Sub-district

Primary Destination of Migrant Laborers by Sub-district, Mae Hong Son

This map identifies the primary destination of respondents who reported to work outside of their district for more than a month in the year prior to participating in the survey.

Labor migration destinations within Thailand also vary according to ethnic group. For example, migrant workers from the Lahu and Tai Yai/Shan ethnic groups were more likely to travel to Chiang Mai compared to other ethnic groups. The Karen and “Other” ethnic groups were least likely to travel to Chiang Mai for work, but they were more likely to travel to Bangkok and Lamphun provinces.

Remittances Made by Sub-District

Remittances Made by Sub-district, Mae Hong Son

Considering the rate of migrant laborers among the surveyed population of Mae Hong Son, the rate of remittances made might be expected to be low as well. Indeed, survey respondents who made remittances to their families in Mae Hong Son represented about 5% of the total population surveyed.

There is a difference in the rate of respondents who considered themselves “applicable” to make remittances, and those who reported traveling outside their district to find work. About 8% of respondents identified themselves as eligible, or “applicable,” to make remittances compared to 11% of respondents who traveled for work. The criteria for what makes an individual applicable for remittances is not fully defined here. Traveling for work is a likely factor but it does not appear to be the only factor. Duration of work outside of the district or level of pay may be other contributing factors in the definition of “applicable” respondents.

Remittances Received by Sub-district

Remittances Received by Sub-district, Mae Hong Son

Hmong families were most likely to have received any remittances in the year prior to participating in the survey - with 50% of all households receiving any remittances (either regularly or once in the previous year.) 39% of Karen households, 18% of Tai Yai/Shan households, 17% of "Other" households, and 16% of Lahu households received remittances in the year prior to participating in the survey.