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Advantages of GIS

GIS is a potentially powerful tool for the management of heritage sites as: 

> It enhances operational management capability;  

> It empowers heritage site managers, allowing them to participate more fully in the planning and co-ordinating activities of their own site, and the actions of other government departments and agencies;  

> Successful GIS implementation is not technically difficult;  

> Software can be run using low-end PCs and other enabling technologies are now relatively cheap and readily available.

What is GIS?

A Geographic Information System is a set of computerised tools used to collect, archive, manage, retrieve, analyse and output geographic and other related kinds of attribute data.

A GIS records the geometry and location of real world features in layers of a digital (computerised) map. A computerised map can be likened to an atlas of a specified geographic area, in which each page contains different types of information - for example, topographic information, land use, elevation etc. When all layers are overlaid, a geographical database is created.  

Data describing these features are stored in databases linked to each of the map layers. Information can be viewed either through a visual representation, or in tables. A computerised map, for example, showing the location of monuments might be attached to a database that records attributes such as construction dates, construction materials and condition of the monuments. 

 

Champassale Heritage Management Plan, Lao PDR