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By Paul Box, 1999. UNESCO.

An introduction to the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in heritage management.

A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a set of computerised tools used to collect, archive, manage, retrieve, analyse and output geographic and other related kinds of attribute data. GIS records the geometry and location of real world features in layers of a digital map. A computerised map can be likened to an atlas of a specified geographic area, in which each page contains different types of information - for example, topographic information, land use, elevation etc. When all layers are overlaid, a geographical database is created. 

By using a GIS, heritage managers can - generate permanent records of heritage sites; understand how cultural heritage relates spatially to its surrounding natural and human environment; communicate knowledge and network databases; test proposed development models and conservation strategies; facilitate monitoring and management of sites. 

The purpose of this manual is to provide an accessible introduction to GIS and the users of GIS as a tool for culture resource management by site managers and culture policy makers at both the local and national levels. The manual can be used by heritage experts as well as planners and managers who need to integrate heritage protection into regional development projects. In addition to being an introduction to GIS method and theory, the manual shows in a step-by-step format, how to implement a GIS in field situations and how to make use of GIS for site management and monitoring. 

The document can be download, free of charge here:

To request for hard copy, please contact 

GIS ArcView Training Kit


ArcView is full-featured GIS software for visualizing, managing, creating, and analyzing geographic data. Using ArcView you can understand the geographic context of your data, allowing you to see relationships and identify patterns in new ways. ArcView helps tens of thousands of organizations make better decisions and solve problems faster.

With ArcView you can:

  • Leverage geographic data to make better decisions;
  • View and analyze your spatial data in new ways;
  • Build new geographic data sets quickly and easily;
  • Create publication-quality maps;
  • Manage all your file, database, and Internet data resources from a single application;
  • Customize the user interface around the tasks that you need to accomplish. 

The purpose of this training kit is to provide an accessible introduction to Arcview 3.2 as a tool for analysing data. The kit is divided into 2 sections:

  1. Instructor Notes (in English only)
  2. Student Handouts (English and Thai)