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2006 Awards Entries for Culture Heritage Conservation

India


Pattadakal Temple, Karnataka

The nationally protected sandstone monument at the World Heritage site of Pattadakal consists of a three-storeyed sikahra or super-structure over a sanctum.  Once a vibrant Jain temple, today it is no longer in use, with no deity in the sanctum sanctorum. The sandstone floor of temple was found damaged and repaired at several place. Detailed documentation of every stone member was undertaken before the structure was carefully disassembled and re-assembled using the traditional way of building ancient structures.

 

 

 

Ajanta Group of Caves, Maharashtra
The murals at the Ajanta Caves, a World Heritage site, are recognized as one of the finest surviving examples of Indian art of the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. Undertaken with Japanese support, phase I of the restoration project was extended by three years up to March 2002. As the caves are excavated in Deccan trap, the conservation of caves is related to geological aspects of rock. Detailed geological studies were carried out by the Geological Survey of India so the comprehensive conservation measures can be undertaken in phase II of the project.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arakkal Kettu, Kerala
Dating from 1100 AD onwards, the Royal Palace of the Arakkal Family consists of several buildings built over centuries which have long fallen into disrepair. The Department of Archaeology and Museums and the Department of Tourism of the Government of Kerala launched a model conservation project to restore and re-use the 400 year old Admin Building. Clear adherence to global conservation norms and practices, use of traditional and local materials and skills, participation of stake holders and local administration and the community, sensitive re-use plans, and management plan to maintain the heritage building, acceptance of the techniques of conservation by the local community were some of the features of the project completed on 30 June 2005.

 

 

Jagmandir, Udaipur, Rajasthan
One of the most magnificent island palaces on the historic Lake Pichola in Udaipur, Jagmandir served as a retreat for the royal house of Mewar from the 17th to the early 20th century.  With a unique geographical setting and panoramic view of the Aracali Mountains, it holds a special significance in the history of the Mewar region.  Besides being an architectural landmark, this monument historically symbolizes an era of peace and friendship between Mewar and the Mughal Empire since it served as a refuge for Prince Khurram who later ruled as the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. The island palace was sold to the Lake Palace Hotels and Motels Ltd. in 1963. The exterior and interior restoration work was carried out with a judicious selection of traditional materials and techniques. The exterior was restored with lime plaster as the existing plaster showed collection of mass and algae and was falling off at places. The interior were in bad condition with lime plaster falling off and deterioration of the paintings on ceilings and walls. The restoration of wall murals was done with extreme care by employing traditional painters who used vegetable dyes for restoration works.

 

 

Leh Old Town, Ladakh
The old town of Leh, capital of the former Tibetan kingdom of Ladakh in India, is a unique ensemble of medieval Himalayan urban architecture. Threatened by decay, the project is a pilot conservation intervention with a model character that has demonstrated the feasibility and desirability of preserving and rehabilitating the historic centre of Leh. The submitted project consists of a rehabilitated historic urban quarter containing private residences and public religious chapels, the oldest of which dates back 400 years. Work on the first phase was completed September 2004, and the rehabilitated building has been in use over one year.  As a private initiative it is a partnership between an NGO, local community-based organizations and the local government, who have embarked on an integrated, holistic approach to urban conservation.

 

 

Sir JJ School of Art Building, Mumbai
Designed by Gorge Twigge Molecey, the Sir JJ School of Art is a landmark of Mumbai and one of the most prominent educational institutions of India. The building is a handsome vestige of the Victorian era that represents the Gothic Revival style. The restoration works began on 1 March 2004 and were completed by September 2005. The works involved the restoration of the exterior shell of the building, including removal of insensitive facade accretions, restoration of carved stone detail, stone cleaning and consolidation employing non-abrasive, gentle water mist cleaning and polishing techniques, removal of incongruous service pipes and additions, repainting with lime mortar, restoration of weathered and damaged limestone carving and friezes.

 

 

St. Augustine Complex, Goa
Apart from its world-famous beaches, Old Goa has a magnificent group of churches dating from the sixteenth century onwards which reflect the architectural styles then prevalent in Europe, including Classical and Baroque. Completed around 1610 AD, the St. Augustine complex, whose main church dedicated to Our Lady of Grace (Nossa Senhora da Graca) is regarded as one of the three great Augustinian churches in the Iberian world of 16th century, is situated on the holy hill with its majestic tower overlooking the entire area of what used to be the bustling city of Goa. Due to its location on the coastal belt, the complex was always threatened with saline and capillary action resulting in weathering and disintegration. The first steps were taken to avoid further damage to the exterior surface of the monument. The exterior surface was cleaned to remove the vegetation growth, salts, dirt and dust by paper pulp treatment. This process will first consolidate and strengthen the surface and will then act as a water repellent. This was followed by recess pointing and water tightening of the joints to stop further percolation of water within the tower.