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Principal Threats 
Using a threat assessment methodology (Salafsky and Margolius 1999), in August 1999, the NPA Management Unit identified and ranked the following direct threats:
• Slash and burn agriculture.  90% conducted by residents and 10% by outsiders.
• Harvest of NTFPs for sale. 70% conducted by residents and 30% by outsiders.
• Hunting of wildlife for sale. 40% conducted by residents and 60% by outsiders.
• Harvest of NTFPs for food. 80% conducted by residents and 20% by outsiders.
• Hunting of wildlife for food. 70% conducted by residents and 30% by outsiders.
• Road building which is reducing habitat and improving access for hunting and harvesting by outsiders.  100% conducted by outsiders.
• Harvest of timber resources.  50% conducted by residents and 50% by outsiders.
• Free ranging domestic animals, which disturb wildlife populations, compete for habitat, spread diseases, and increase probabilities of depredation of livestock by wildlife.  40% conducted by insiders and 60% by outsiders.


Reasons for proposed Extension or Excisions 
Two extension zones were added in 1999, Nam Ha West and Nam Kong.  Nam Ha West was seen as containing important evergreen forest and a mosaic of grasslands.  Wildlife surveys (Tizard, et. al. 1997) had shown high populations of mammals and birds in some areas.  The Nam Kong area adjoins the Xieng Yong Reserve in China and contains the only remaining population of Asian elephant in the area.