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Young People's World Heritage Education


The Vigan Heritage Education Art (HEart) Activity Sheets

During the Vigan workshop ("World Heritage in Young Southeast Asian Hands Second Sub-Regional Workshop: Introducing the Arts for Teaching on the Historic Environment") each country-delegation created a teaching activity.


These activities make up the "Vigan Heritage Education Art (HEart) Activity Sheets" collection. These HEart activity sheets include suggestions and examples for using art to teach about the historic environment of Southeast Asia. The activities are a source of creative ideas which are intended to directly supplement the UNESCO World Heritage Education Resource Kit. They can be reproduced and used as a reference tool for teachers at both primary and secondary levels.


Each of the delegations at the Vigan Workshop designed an activity which focused on one of their World Heritage Sites and used insights and ideas gained while participating in the workshop activities, while keeping in mind their own national education situation and requirements.


Each activity sheet uses a type of art (visual, plastic or performing art) or a combination of types, and enables students to consolidate their knowledge of the topic in an entertaining form, either through a game or physical craft or performance activity. These activities were discussed and analyzed by all workshop participants and further developed so as to be useful region-wide as resources for World Heritage Education.


Each activity is introduced below, and the rationale behind it explained. Teachers are encouraged to use these activities or modify them to be applicable in teaching about other World Heritage sites. It is hoped that these HEart activity sheets will also inspire teachers to create additional innovative activities and methods for using art to teach about the historic environment. 


(1) Angkor Relief Art (Cambodia)

This exercise enables students to gain knowledge about the World Heritage site of Angkor and to learn about Khmer history. This knowledge allows students to gain an appreciation for the culture of the region and heritage value of the site. The activity involves examining and drawing stone relief artwork in Angkor, through which students learn about the stories depicted in the reliefs. The students then demonstrate and strengthen this knowledge by enacting those stories in role-plays. (PDF, 780KB)


(2) World Heritage Sites Board Game (Indonesia)

This game is an entertaining activity which introduces youth to a number of Southeast-Asian World Heritage sites and teaches them facts about those sites. This information allows students to compare sites and recognize the value of all the different cultures represented by those sites, with the view to motivating students to protect World Heritage. (PDF, 525KB)


(3) Vat Phou Drama (Lao PDR)

This exercise involves teaching students about Vat Phou and the impacts of tourism. Students either visit this World Heritage site, or view photographs or drawings of the site and imagine being visitors there (based on their experience of visiting similar temples). Students discuss the impact that tourists can have when visiting such sites and then engage in a role play in which they take the role of either a tourist or of a local resident. Through a skit, students express the positive and negative effects of tourism. This activity enables students to get a deeper understanding of the issues surrounding tourism at World Heritage sites and the importance of ensuring that sites are protected from adverse impacts. (PDF, 452KB)


(4) Traditional Games (Malaysia)

This activity uses popular games to spark awareness among students of the differences and similarities between their culture and those of the other Southeast-Asian countries. By learning about traditional children’s games and by decorating a spinning-top (gasing), the activity enables students to gain appreciation of the value of their cultural heritage and its importance as part of World Heritage. (PDF, 455KB)


(5) Pot Making in Vigan (Philippines)

This activity focuses on traditional forms and uses of pottery in Philippine culture and on the history of pottery-making in the World Heritage town of Vigan. This pot-making exercise enables youth to physically experience an important historical feature of Vigan and provides an interesting way for them to accrue knowledge about Vigan’s history and gain a greater appreciation for the town and the pottery-art that continues to be produced there. (PDF, 311KB)


(6) Sukhothai Performing Art (Thailand)

In this activity, students visit the World Heritage site of Sukhothai and learn about the site’s history. After viewing a Sukhothai classical dance performance, students then make traditional-style puppets and clay figurines to depict the characters they have learned about. In groups, the students perform a story using the puppets and figurines they have created. (PDF, 553KB)


(7) Interpreting Halong Bay (Viet Nam)

This activity enables students to gain appreciation for the natural World Heritage site of Halong Bay. By drawing or painting the bay or making a collage representing the shapes, colours and themes of Halong Bay, the students focus on the unique beauty of the site and its importance to people, and gain a greater appreciation for natural and cultural heritage. (PDF, 575KB)



Related links:

Vigan Workshop

Report of the Vigan Workshop