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UNESCO-APEID Meeting on Entrepreneurship Education

11-12 June 2012
Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China

Entrepreneurs needed!

The financial crisis that began in 2008 has resulted in slower growth globally. High unemployment rates, particularly for young people, are of great concern to many governments around the world. Highlighting the youth unemployment rate at 12.7%, ILO’s 2011 Global Employment Report saw no relief to the situation in the short-term.

Current economic and industrial climate calls for a paradigm shift in creating jobs and ensuring lifelong employment. Traditionally, young people expect to find jobs in either the public or private sector after they finish their schooling. In a very competitive environment, employers seek workers with the so-called 21st century skills, such as being creative and adaptable, thinking outside-the-box, being ICT savvy and so on. With less jobs being available in the labour market and not having the skills sought after by employers, one solution is for young people to become entrepreneurs and create the opportunities for themselves.

However, being an entrepreneur means more than just knowing how to start up a small shop or business. There is no doubt that some people are naturally talented and possess the traits to become successful entrepreneurs. But entrepreneurship can be taught and learned. To teach and nurture entrepreneurship requires a rethinking of our education systems, pedagogies, curriculum and other education services and activities.

UNESCO Bangkok and Zhejiang University in China organised the UNESCO Meeting on Entrepreneurship Education on 11-12 June 2012 in Hangzhou, China, with support from the Hangzhou Municipal Government, Alibaba Cloud Computing and the World Bank in Indonesia. This meeting continued the dialogue initiated during the 15th UNESCO-APEID International Conference on Creativity and Entrepreneurship in Jakarta, Indonesia, in December 2011.

The 70 participants from 11 countries who attended the meeting in Hangzhou agreed that entrepreneurship education needs multi-stakeholder support from government, education institutions, academia, private sector, international organizations and the students themselves. Presentations from different stakeholders during the meeting and energizing discussions in and outside the meeting room resulted in the following plans for the future: 

  • Consolidate the network for entrepreneurship education  

  • Continue this series of meetings, supported by offers to host the next three meetings from China in early 2013, Malaysia in late 2013 and Hong Kong in early 2014. 


Programme (pdf, 520kb)



Keynote Address 

Session 1: Government Policies on Entrepreneurship Education

Session II: Innovative Approaches and Practices of Entrepreneurship Education in
Universities and Schools

Session III: Enabling Entrepreneurship Education

Meeting Summary & Way Forward, Wang Libing, Zhejiang University, China (pdf, 280kb)