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Ten steps to overcome marginalization in education

The 2010 Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report launched in Bangkok, Thailand on 25 June 2010 from 8.30 - 12.00 noon at Chulalongkorn University. Under the theme of “Reaching the Marginalized”, Gwang-Jo Kim, Director of UNESCO Bangkok gave a presentation on the 2010 education report. Key EFA progress was highlighted along with remaining challenges, in view of the region’s struggle to recover from the impact of the global economic crisis.

2010 GMR Launch Q&A © UNESCO

“I would like to emphasize that EFA is an international commitment made jointly by governments, UN agencies, INGOs, civil society groups, multilateral and bilateral partners and other development partners.  Thus EFA is a shared commitment and goal and all of us have a shared responsibility to deliver quality education for all children, youth and adults by 2015,” he said in the opening.

A panel discussion focusing on reaching the marginalized and minimizing the impact of the financial crisis on education took place with the following panelists: Albert Motivans, Chief of the Education Indicators and Data Analysis Section of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), Abhimanyu Singh, Director of UNESCO Beijing Office and Former Director of UNESCO’s Division of International Coordination and Monitoring of EFA (2005), Harry Patrinos of the World Bank and Anupama Rao Singh, Regional Director of UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Office.

In the afternoon, a roundtable on “Financing quality education in the face of the global economic crisis: The Thailand Example” was held from 13:30- 15:30 hrs., also at Chulalongkorn University. The roundtable was co-organized by Thailand’s Ministry of Education and UNESCO Bangkok.

The 2010 GMR recommends a 10-step plan for overcoming marginalization in education:

  1. Set equity-based targets for all EFA goals
  2. Develop data collection systems with a focus on disaggregated statistics to identify marginalized groups and monitor their progress
  3. Identify drivers of marginalization for specific groups
  4. Adopt an integrated policy approach that addresses interlocking causes of disadvantage, within education and beyond
  5. Increase resource mobilization and strengthen equity in public spending
  6. Honour aid donor commitment and convene an EFA pledging conference
  7. Improve aid effectiveness, with a strengthened focus on equity and conflict-affected countries
  8. Strengthen the multilateral architecture for aid to education
  9. Integrate successful NGO interventions into national education systems
  10. Expand the entitlements of the marginalized through political and social mobilization

The Report notes that failure to reach the marginalized has denied many people their right to education. With the effects of the global financial crisis still being felt, there is a real danger that much of the progress of the past ten years will stall or be reversed. The report concludes that given the EFA progress in countries and current economic situation, education is at risk and governments must develop more inclusive approaches, linked to wider strategies for protecting the vulnerable populations and overcoming quality.

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For more information, please contact efa.bgk[at] To download the full report, visit