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HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse Updates

Asia-Pacific Focus

February 2011

1. Recent Activities

2. Latest Publications

3. Forthcoming Events

1.         Recent Activities

"I am the Next Generation Anti-Virus: Responding to HIV and AIDS through Responsible Choices" Competition Results

In an effort to increase awareness and involvement of the Filipino youth in the response to HIV and AIDS, the UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines and UNESCO Jakarta Cluster Office, in partnership with the University of the East (UE), marked the 2010 World AIDS Day in Manila, Philippines, with an Online Video Competition for young people entitled "I am the Next Generation Anti-Virus: Responding to HIV and AIDS through Responsible Choices."
The entry "Spread the Love, Not the Virus", produced by Jemima Grace Yabes of the UP Integrated School, won the said award. Meanwhile, a People’s Choice Award, given to the video entry obtaining the most number of votes on YouTube, was awarded to Kryston Jan Ricio of the University of Santo Tomas High School, with his entry entitled "Torch of Hope".
The competition served as an excellent opportunity for secondary schools from the cities of Manila and Quezon, two of the top five cities in the Philippines with the highest incidence of HIV, to share their views on HIV prevention through short videos.  View Awarded video entries
Contact: Ahmed Afzal, UNESCO Jakarta Cluster Office at

Javane Salem -- Healthy Youth Resource
As a joint effort to tackle HIV in Iran, UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office supported the Iranian Ministry of Education in a series of activities related to the World AIDS Day in December 2010. One of these interventions, which has a focus on school children, was to provide support to an educational website “Javane Salem” (Farsi for Healthy Youth). The website provides information on HIV specifically targeting young people and can be accessed at
Other activities included involvement, in close collaboration with the Center for Disease Control and other organizations, in the preparation of the ceremony for the World AIDS Day at Tehran Medical University Amphitheatre (hosted by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education), as well as the production of promotional HIV materials for distribution in all universities and health care settings across the country. Aiming to strengthen public awareness about the disease, the Ministry of Health, together with State TV and Radio Organization, has recently developed and broadcasted 20 episodes of animated films on HIV. [More]
Contact: Reza Samarbakhsh at or Amir-Reza Moradi at

Poster Design Competition on World AIDS Day 2010 in Timor-Leste
To raise HIV and AIDS awareness amongst young people and to prevent new infections, while advocating for basic human rights of people living with HIV, Timor-Leste’s National Commission for UNESCO (in collaboration with the UNESCO Antenna Office in Dili and with support from the UNESCO Jakarta Office) organized a poster competition related to the World AIDS Day theme “Universal Access & Human Rights”. Students of senior high schools in Timor-Leste were invited to design posters.
A jury consisting of distinguished personalities working on HIV in Timor-Leste appraised and selected five award winning posters amongst entry submissions. The choice of the jury took into account the artistic value, the creativity, and content relevance of the posters.
The five winning students were each given a prize and certificate during the award event, which also showcased the submitted posters in an exhibition.  The first and second poster designers are Zacarias da Costa Guterres of the Senior Secondary School of São Pedro and Elisabeth Remilda L. R. de Sousa, Senior Secondary School of Extenato São José. [More]
Contact: Ahmed Afzal, UNESCO Jakarta office at

“Remaja Melawan HIV/AIDS” (Youth Challenging HIV and AIDS) -- Poetry Writing Competition
UNESCO Jakarta Office, collaborated with the Indonesia National Commission for UNESCO on several activities engaging youth to celebrate 2010 World AIDS Day. One of the highlights was the UNESCO-sponsored poetry writing competition (and the cover design of the Pocket Book) in response to the epidemic, inviting about 700 secondary school and community learning centers to participate.
The nine winners (three students from junior secondary schools and six students from senior secondary schools) were each given trophies and cash prizes and were recognized on stage by the Minister of National Education. The objective of this event was to spread and share the information about the preventable virus, particularly to young people in the education sector, and their roles in supporting out-of-school youth and others.
The poetry scripts including 100 participating poetry entries will be printed into pocket-books (with the cover designed by the first place winner) titled “Remaja Melawan HIV/AIDS” (Youth Challenging HIV/AIDS). The draft pocket book was launched during the event on 1st December 2010, by the Minister of National Education. All 100 participants of the poetry competition, whose poetries have been chosen to be included in the Pocket Book, were given certificates. [More]
Contact: Ahmed Afzal, UNESCO Jakarta office at

2. Latest Publications   

Children and AIDS, Fifth Stocktaking Report, 2010
UNICEF in partnership with UNAIDS, WHO, UNFPA and UNESCO (pdf)
This annual report examines data on progress, emerging evidence, case studies of best practices and current knowledge and practices for children, in relation to four UNICEF programme areas including preventing mother
tochild transmission of HIV; providing paediatric care and treatment; preventing HIV infection among adolescents and young people; and protecting and supporting children affected by HIV and AIDS.

Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) (pdf)
Gary Barker, Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Ajay Singh, Ravi Verma, Marcos Nascimento, International Center for Research on Women (ICWR), 2011
This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men’s attitudes and practices – along with women’s opinions and reports of men’s practices – on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. The report focuses on the initial comparative analysis of results from men’s questionnaires across the six countries with women’s reports on key variables. Topics included health practices, parenting, relationship dynamics, sexual behavior and use of violence.

Facts on Children and HIV/AIDS, Viet Nam
UN Viet Nam, 2010 (pdf)
In Viet Nam, the lack of understanding of HIV, myths about HIV and the association of HIV with "social evils" often causes the patients to be stigmatized. This booklet is a resource for education managers, teachers, parents and communities and aims to provide information about children and HIV and AIDS, with the objective to remove the myths and reduce stigma and discrimination against these children. This booklet was based on the “10 Facts on Children and HIV/AIDS” booklet produced in Thailand. It was adapted and new content was added to ensure relevance to Viet Nam.

Female Drug Use in Pakistan: Mapping Estimates, Ethnographic Results & Behaviourial Assessment
UNODC, 2010 (pdf)
This study is a part of the operational research which includes mapping and size estimation of female drug users, which forms the first key step in developing targeted interventions for this highly vulnerable key population. The results of this mapping study will assist in understanding the drug using scenario among female populations, which will ultimately form a baseline for service provision, based on which service providing organizations will develop targeted interventions within a specific geographical setting. In addition to identification of geographical areas where these populations congregate, this study also provides valuable information on overall drug use situation in the targeted communities, economics of drug use, treatment history, criminal justice history, availability of treatment services and various religious and cultural barriers to accessing information and services among the target group.

HIV and AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in China
National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, China CDC, International Labour Office for China and Mongolia, 2011 (pdf)
This report summarizes a broad body of existing research as well as reviews new research conducted by the ILO and Maries Stopes International. The findings point to a trend of increasing discrimination against workers that contradicts both national policies and international standards. It highlights numerous cases of employment discrimination in several key practices including mandatory testing of workers and the denial of job opportunities – particularly in the services sector, healthcare sector and the civil service; forced (or pressured) resignation of people with HIV by management and/or coworkers; mandatory shifting and/or downgrading of job positions as a result of
HIV status; breaches of confidentiality that led to discrimination; and barriers to accessing health insurance schemes for HIV treatment due to concerns about confidentiality.

Mongolian Education Sector's Response and Readiness to HIV and AIDS: Sector Review
Open Society Forum, Mongolia, March 2009 (pdf)
This review assesses HIV and AIDS education activities in the Mongolian education sector using the assessment criteria of the sector’s policy response and preparedness. Policy response criteria applies to existing policies and programmes aimed at HIV and AIDS prevention education and includes the accessibility of formal and non-formal Health Education curriculum, textbook availability and quality, as well as teacher supply. Sector’s preparedness criteria applies to policy environment to support effective implementation of quality HIV prevention education and includes sectoral research and analytical capacity, cross-sectoral coordination capacity and enabling environment to support school-, workplace- and community-based HIV prevention.

Migration, Mobility and HIV: A Rapid Assessment of Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Pacific
UNDP, 2010 (pdf)
The report provides an assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the  distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific.  It aims to contribute to the development of multi-sectoral responses required to address the HIV epidemic in the Pacific region and provide impetus for the development of effective and targeted interventions for people on the move. It is a joint UNDP and Secretariat of the Pacific Community report.

Parliamentary Handbook on HIV and AIDS
Cambodia Parliament, 2009 (pdf)
This handbook is a user-friendly resource, presenting brief and concise information about the HIV epidemic, its causes, responses, as well as parliamentarians’ roles and responsibilities. It is an enabling tool in Parliamentarians’ work to ensure an effective HIV response across advocacy, leadership, policy and legislative areas.

Paths to 2015 - MDG Priorities in Asia and the Pacific
Asia-Pacific MDG Report 2010/11
UN ESCAP, ADB and UNDP (pdf)
The report emphasises the inter-relationships between Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by identifying some overall priorities and opportunities that countries can consider for making more rapid progress and achieving all the goals. Then it focuses specifically on three areas: hunger and food security; health and basic services – areas where the Asia-Pacific region as a whole appears to be falling short; and on improvement of basic infrastructure which is often neglected but is critical if the region is to achieve the MDGs. In relation to priorities in health, the report suggests that while governments need to strengthen provision across the whole range of public services, many will need to pay special attention to the health goals – where progress has been particularly slow. Despite the stabilizing of HIV prevalence in the region, access to prevention and treatment services still falls well below universal targets. This will require increasing public health expenditure, while seeking new health insurance models and increasing the number of primary health care workers. In addition, health service delivery can be improved by involving community groups of key affected populations.

School Health Education Guidebook, Pakistan (in Urdu and in Sindhi languages)
UNESCO and the National Commission for Human Development, Pakistan, 2010
As part of capacity building for school health programmes, UNESCO and the National Commission for Human Development, Pakistan have developed and produced training materials for teachers and health workers on School Health Education in Urdu and Sindhi languages. The Guidebook includes two sections: Section I focuses on major areas such as the importance of health education in schools, characteristics of school health, preparation for health education sessions and different approaches for health education. The second session covers topics on school health including washing hands, personal hygiene, viral Hepatitis and HIV and AIDS, clean environment and drinking clean and adequate amounts of water.
Contact: Arshad Khan, UNESCO office in Islamabad at

Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Young People in Pakistan World Population Foundation, Pakistan, 2010 (pdf)
This study aims to acquire a clear picture of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) rights’ situation of young people in Pakistan. The purpose of this research was to get a vivid image of the current situation on one hand and on the other hand to use the findings of the research to influence positive change through programmatic interventions and policy advocacy initiatives. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used for the purpose of this research. A web-based questionnaire was developed and shared with Knowledge Bearers forming part of the quantitative component while Focus Group Discussions and In-Depth Interviews were conducted directly with various groups of stakeholders for the purpose of obtaining qualitative data. Moreover, a literature review of previously published national and international researches and other documents was also carried out. The findings of this research manifest limited realization of young people’s SRH rights and extreme discrimination against marginalized communities. It highlights an acute need to sensitize healthcare providers in both the private and public sector.

Stand Up for Your Rights -- Learn about HIV and AIDS! (in DVD)
UNESCO, 2010
This DVD contains 244 recent resources on HIV and AIDS produced by UNESCO’s sectors, institutes, regional bureaux, cluster and country offices and partners. Included on the DVD are policy documents, case studies, reports, tools, curricula and other materials from a range of settings and in several languages. These resources are one part of UNESCO’s support to countries so they can reduce people’s risk and vulnerability, improve care for the infected and affected, and build individual and institutional capacity for a more effective response to HIV and AIDS.
Contact: UNESCO at

Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia
Anne Stangl, Dara Carr, Laura Brady, Traci Eckhaus, Mariam Claeson, and Laura Nyblade,  World Bank, 2010 (pdf)
Although overall HIV prevalence in South Asia is considered low, the widespread stigma attached to HIV and AIDS impedes efforts to reach people most in need of prevention, treatment and care services. To address this challenge, the 2008 South Asia Region Development Marketplace partnership, led by the World Bank, launched a competitive grants programme to support innovative community approaches. This report “Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia” summarizes the monitoring, evaluation and case study data, and documents the successful community innovations. It identifies effective strategies to raise awareness and shifts of attitudes, norms and behaviors. Through its recommendations for successful interventions to reduce barriers to effective HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes, the book provides a strong foundation on which to build stigma-reduction efforts in the region and the world.

Technical Brief: Integrating Gender into Most-At-Risk Populations
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 2010 (pdf)
Gender inequity is a fundamental driver in the HIV epidemic, and integrating strategies to address gender inequity and change harmful gender norms is an increasingly important component of HIV programmes. Integrating gender strategies into programmes targeting most-at-risk populations (MARPs), which include men who have sex with men, transgender people, injecting drug users and male, female and transgender sex workers, whether in mixed or concentrated epidemic countries, is much less prevalent. The purpose of this Technical Brief is to provide programme managers and planners with an overview of the recent research literature on gender-related constraints affecting MARPs, future programme approaches and gender-related challenges that should be considered in programmes to reduce HIV risk among MARPs.

Understanding and Reducing Stigma Related to Men Who Have Sex with Men and HIV Toolkit for Action (available in English and in Vietnamese)
USAID, Viet Nam Administration for AIDS Control, Ministry of Health, ISDS and UNAIDS, 2010
This toolkit guides efforts to dispel stigma related to men who have sex with men and transgender people and thus remove barriers to HIV-related services for these populations. The toolkit equips individuals and agencies working in HIV with the knowledge and tools to understand basic issues related to gender, sexuality and the sexual health of men who have sex with men and transgender people and to combat stigma. The toolkit includes a set of exercises that explore, understand and challenge the stigma faced by these two groups. The exercises are designed to assist those who work with service providers, community leaders, educators, social workers, men who have sex with men, transgender people and other individuals, to facilitate the acceptance of sexual diversity, protection of sexual rights and reduction of stigma and discrimination against sexual minorities and people living with HIV. The toolkit was developed with support from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in Viet Nam commissioned the Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS) to develop this toolkit.

Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma toward Entertainment Workers: Cambodia Edition Toolkit for Action (pdf)
Phon Yut Sakara, Sam Eng, Phan Phorp Barmey, Margaret Reeves, and Laura Nyblade, Amy Gregowski and Ross Kidd, ICRW, 2010
Cambodia's HIV and AIDS response is focused on key populations at higher risk, including entertainment workers, or female workers in entertainment establishments, such as beer gardens or karoke bars, who may be indirectly engaged in sex work and vulnerable to HIV infection. However, there is growing recognition that stigma and discrimination undermines efforts to provide HIV prevention, treatment and care. This toolkit, adapted and tested with local organizations in Cambodia, includes participatory, educational exercises that can be used with a wide range of individuals and groups, to stop stigma and discrimination towards entertainment workers.

3. Forthcoming Events

(For the complete list of additions, please visit our D
atabase of Events at

Global Commission on HIV and the Law -- Regional Dialogue for the Asia-Pacific Region
16 - 17 February 2011
Bangkok, Thailand
The Regional Dialogue aims to generate policy dialogue, with a view to giving voice to the critical HIV-related human rights and legal issues in the Asia–Pacific region. The Regional Dialogues will inform the deliberations of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law through submissions and evidence-informed inputs and by engaging policy and law makers, law enforcement and community perspectives. The Regional Dialogues will also contribute to enhancing awareness, engagement and ownership within regions on the actions that are required to effect real change on issues of human rights and law that can support improvements in people's lives and health.
Organizer: Global Commission on HIV and the Law
Contact: Secretariat, Global Commission on HIV and the Law UNDP HIV/AIDS Practice, Bureau for Development Policy, USA at or tel: +1 (212) 906-5132

High Level Multi-stakeholder Dialogue on HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for Migrants in the ASEAN Region
8 - 9 March 2011

Organizers:    UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Center in partnership with ASEAN Secretariat
Contact:        UNDP APRC at or tel.: +66 (2) 288-2129

1st Meeting of the Senior Labour Officials Meeting (SLOM) Working Group on HIV Prevention and Control at the Workplace
April 2011
Bali, Indonesia

Organizer and Contact information as yet unavailable

Monitoring and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Programs
11 - 22 July 2011
Bangkok, Thailand
The workshop offers intensive training that will cover the fundamental concepts and tools for monitoring and evaluating HIV and AIDS programs. The workshop include sessions on: The Rule of Strategic Information in Decision Making: M&E Framework; Indicators; Information Systems; Evaluation Designs; Developing M&E Plans; Selecting, Calculating and Interpreting Indicators; and Use of Recently Developed Tools. In addition, modules on program areas and crosscutting issues appropriate for the Asian region and other will also be included.
Organizer:  Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University at Salaya Campus, Thailand
Contact:  Amara Soonthorndhada at

10th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific
Theme: “Diverse Voices, United Action”
26 - 30 August 2011
Busan, Korea
To accomplish the theme “Diverse Voices, United Action”, ICAAP10 promotes its objectives by creating an opportunity to enhance responses to HIV and AIDS at the local, regional and global levels. It aims to: i) Empower and strengthen political, community and business leadership by adopting a consultative, collaborative and participatory approach; ii) Offer a platform where different voices from diverse counterparts across the Asia and the Pacific region could be reassembled to deliver a united action; iii) To exchange and share achievements, successes and best practices; iv) Ensure that affected communities and their families are free from stigmatisation, marginalisation and discrimination by addressing political, social, economic and cultural barriers and working towards societies where the full range of human rights and protections could be taken for granted; and v) Promote equal access to prevention, support, treatment and care for all people.  

Organizers:    AIDS Society of Asia and the Pacific (ASAP) and UNAIDS 

AIDS Vaccine 2011 Conference
12 - 15 September 2011
Bangkok, Thailand
The Conference provides an interactive forum for the participation of leaders and future leaders in the HIV vaccine field—policymakers and funders, multidisciplinary and highly specialized researchers, promising and talented young scientists, public-health experts, clinicians, epidemiologists, representatives of community associations and community advocates, and members of the private HIV vaccine-development sector—thereby fostering and strengthening a collaborative global network and a global research environment.
Organizers: Mahidol University, the Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, and the Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise

2011 Australasian Sexual Health Conference

28 - 30 September 2011
Canberra, ACT, Australia
The Australasian Sexual Health Conference will be of interest to professionals working in sexual health medicine, including physicians, nurses, counsellors and those involved in public health, Indigenous health and health promotion.
Organizer:     Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Australia
Contact: Conference Secretariat at or tel.: +61 2 8204 0770

6th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights (APCRSHR)
Theme : "Claiming Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Asian and Pacific Societies."
19 - 22 October 2011
Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Major objectives of the Conference are to assess the progress of government and civil society institutions in respecting, protecting, and fulfilling sexual rights for all, to strengthen institutions responsible for just and comprehensive reproductive health services; and to share knowledge and experience among the diverse societies of the Asia Pacific regions.
Hosted by: Center for Population and Policy Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

12th IUSTI International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections
World Congress of Sexually Transmitted Infections & AIDS
Theme: Promoting Sexual health: Basic Science to Best Practices
2 - 5 November 2011
New Delhi, India
The Conference aims to optimize the implementation of the latest scientific discoveries and best practices regarding prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs/HIV, through integrated programmatic approaches to achieve sexual health.
Contact:        IUSTI World Congress 2011 at




This Newsletter was prepared by the HIV Coordination, Adolescent Reproductive and School Health Unit, UNESCO Bangkok. We would like to invite you to share your knowledge, project experience and resources through our website:

For more resources related to HIV and AIDS Education, please visit the global UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse at


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