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HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse Updates, Asia-Pacific Focus
May 2010

1. Latest Publications and Research Articles

2. Forthcoming Events


1.     Latest Publications

HIV E-Course Adapted in China and in Nepal
(in CD-ROM)
This interactive HIV and AIDS course, which was produced by UNESCO Bangkok through the Japanese Funds in Trust project in 2008, has been adapted in China and in Nepal in collaboration with UNESCO field offices and local agencies.  The objective of this e-course is to increase access of such learning resources to pre-service and in-service teachers through information and communication technologies. The Chinese version can be accessed online at the Health Science Center of Peking University:
For more information about these activities, please contact: Min Bista, UNESCO Beijing office at or Shashi Dev, UNESCO Katmandu office at To view the e-learning course in other languages:

Ensuring Universal Access to Comprehensive HIV Services for MSM in Asia and the Pacific. Determining Operations Research Priorities to Improve HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care, and Support among Men Who Have Sex With Men
The MSM Initiative, amfAR, 2009
This report summarizes an assessment that was carried out in early 2009 to identify priorities for operations research to better understand effective models for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support among MSM in Asia and the Pacific. It provides a summary of recent history leading to the current focus on MSM in Asia and the Pacific, an analysis of community, identity, space and sexual desire and behavior among MSM and transgendered people for the purposes of developing policy, strategy, and service programming; and examples of successful community and facility based services. Recommendations for operations research to improve the quality and reach of HIV prevention are also included.

Priority HIV and Sexual Health Interventions in the Health Sector for Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender People in the Asia Pacific Region
WHO, 2010
The document identifies the priority interventions required by the health sector to meet the HIV and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men and transgender persons. Key recommendations from WHO standards of practice and key resources are emphasized to highlight how national health sector partners can strengthen their response to HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender persons. It is designed for public health decision-makers, national AIDS programme managers, health-care providers, managers of community-based organizations, civil society, people living with and affected by HIV and international development partners.
The publication is a joint effort of the WHO Western Pacific and South-East Asia regional offices, the UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Center, UNAIDS, Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM) and the Department of Health, Hong Kong SAR (China).

Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health for Persons with Disabilities: WHO/UNFPA Guidance Note
WHO and UNFPA 2009
An estimated 10% of the world’s population live with a disability. Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs as other people. Yet they often face barriers to information and services. This guidance note addresses issues of SRH programming for persons with disabilities. It is intended for SRH experts and advocates within UNFPA and WHO as well as those in other development organizations and partners. Those who address issues of family planning, maternal health, HIV and AIDS, adolescence and gender-based violence may find this information particularly helpful. SRH particularly deserves attention because its needs have been so widely and so deeply neglected. The approaches discussed here, however, apply broadly to all aspects of health programming for persons with disabilities. This note outlines a general approach to programming: it does not address specific protocols for the SRH care and treatment of persons with disabilities.

Review on the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS in Nepal
UNESCO, April 2009
This study initiated by UNESCO Nepal Office and supported by UN Country Team, Ministry of Education (MOE) and Ministry of Health (MOH), intended to review all the efforts made in the education sector in order to prevent, manage, and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Nepal. The methodology of the study included a desk review of available policies, projects, documents, secondary analysis of available data, and key informant interviews. Despite a short time span and resources, the study drew upon a cross-section of UN, MOE and MOH authorities, HIV/AIDS policy level representatives, and related NGOs in Nepal.

UNGASS 2010 Country Progress Report, Thailand
National AIDS Prevention and Alleviation Committee, 2010
The report demonstrates the progress that has been made in fighting HIV in the period January 2008 – December 2009 in Thailand according to the UNGASS declaration on HIV/AIDS. The UNGASS Declaration emphasized the importance of collaboration of the various sectors including the government, business, civil society, labor organizations, and PLHA (People living with HIV/AIDS) organizations in implementing the programs to confront the AIDS challenges at every level of society, including prevention of new infection, expanding access to care and treatment, and mitigating the impact of AIDS.

UNGASS 2010 Country Progress Report, Lao PDR
National Committee for the Control of AIDS and UNAIDS, March 2010
This report describes improved political commitment and enabling environment to scale up of HIV prevention and treatment services to major improvements in the HIV monitoring and evaluation system. The evidence points to the improved outputs, outcomes and due to these efforts.

Toolkit for Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in the Education Sector: Guidelines for Development Cooperation Agencies. User's Guide
UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education, 2010
This guide has been designed to help readers to make the best use of the Toolkit for Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in the Education Sector published by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education in 2008.
The guide considers three main objectives for which the Toolkit will be a useful resource: i) Provide orientation and raise awareness on HIV mainstreaming in the education sector; ii) Assess the status of and monitor progress toward HIV mainstreaming in the education sector; iii) Plan HIV mainstreaming in the education sector in those settings. For each of the above objectives, specific outcomes and outputs are identified. For example, one outcome may be to improve the understanding of staff in an organization on issues related to HIV mainstreaming in the education sector. Outputs may be the production of a situation analysis report or the development of an action plan to mainstream HIV in the education sector in the country where you work. For each output or outcome the guide also suggests possible activities to be conducted, supporting tools as well as tips on how to use these tools.

Awareness of School Students on Sexually Transmitted Infections and their Sexual Behavior: a Cross-sectional Study Conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
Anwar M, Sulaiman SA, Ahmadi K, Khan TM.
BMC Public Health. 2010 Jan 30;10:47.
Young people tend to engage in sexual activity at younger ages in the past decade than in the 1970s, and 1980s. It has been suggested that knowledge about STI transmission might influence sexual behavior. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, to produce the baseline information about school students' awareness and perception about sexually transmitted Infections (STIs) and their sexual activity to help establish control and education programmes. It was concluded that school students have moderate level of knowledge about STIs although they are sexually active. Interventions such as reinforcing the link between STIs and HIV/AIDS, assessing the current status of sexuality education in schools and arranging public talks and seminars focusing on STIs prevention education are needed to improve their awareness.

HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care Services for People Who Inject Drugs: a Systematic Review of Global, Regional and National Coverage
Mathers BM, Degenhardt L, Ali H, Wiessing L, Hickman M, Mattick RP, Myers B, Ambekar A, Strathdee SA; 2009 Reference Group to the UN on HIV and Injecting Drug Use.
Lancet. 2010 Mar 20;375(9719):1014-28.

Previous reviews have examined the existence of HIV prevention, treatment and care services for injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide, but they did not quantify the scale of coverage. The research-team undertook a systematic review to estimate national, regional and global coverage of HIV services in IDUs.

HIV Risk Behaviours and Determinants among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam
Thanh DC, Hien NT, Tuan NA, Thang BD, Long NT, Fylkesnes K.
AIDS Behav. 2009 Dec;13(6):1151-9.
The researchers conducted a cross-sectional study to examine HIV risk behaviours and their determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS. Eighty-two percent had been sexually active. Sex with multiple partners was reported by 20% and consistent condom use by about one third. More than half of the participants (52%) reported having injected drugs during the previous month, and 35% of those had shared needles and syringes. Voluntary HIV testing and having received condoms or injection equipment from the local HIV prevention program were found to be significantly associated with fewer HIV risk behaviours. Having learned recently about personal HIV status, multiple sex partners, low educational attainment and young age were found to be associated with higher HIV risk behaviours. Giving high priority to targeted preventive and support programmes is likely to be a highly cost-effective strategy.

How Much Will It Cost? Estimation of Resource Needs and Availability for HIV prevention, Treatment and Care for People who Inject Drugs in Asia
Bergenstrom A, McLeod R, Sharma M, Mesquita F, Dorabjee J, Atun R, Lewis G, Rao JV
Int J Drug Policy. 2010 Mar;21(2):107-9.
As countries in Asia strive to meet their universal access targets, harm-reduction programmes are yet to be scaled up to reach effective levels of coverage. Resource tracking and estimation of resource needs and gaps is critical to inform the financing decisions of major donors of harm-reduction programmes in the region. This study aimed at estimating the financial resource needs and gaps for scaling-up harm reduction in the region, building on previous research conducted by the Independent Commission on AIDS in Asia. The overall resource need for achieving universal access in the target population in 2009 was US $0.5 billion, with NSP and OST accounting for nearly 70% of the overall regional resource need. A significant resource gap, approximately 90%, of the resource need in 2009, was identified for harm reduction in the region, representing less than 2% of the overall global resource need to address AIDS. Additional resources will be required to support the introduction and scaling-up of integrated, comprehensive harm-reduction programmes that provide a full range of services to reduce HIV transmission among people who inject drugs.

Stigma, Social support, and Depression among People Living with HIV in Thailand
Li l, Lee S, Thammawijaya P, Jiraphongsa C, Rotheram-Borus M
AIDS Care. 2009 Aug; 21(8):1007-13.
People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Thailand face tremendous challenges, including HIV-related stigma, lack of social support and mental health issues such as depression. This study aims to examine complex relationships among demographics, HIV-related stigma, and social support and their impact on depression among PLWHA in Thailand.



2.         Forthcoming Events

(For the complete list of additions, please visit our Database of Events at

XVIII International AIDS Conference 2010
18 - 23 July 2010
Vienna, Austria
Organizer: IAS in partnership with a number of international bodies and local partners

4th Asian Conference on Sexuality Education
12 - 14 August 2010
Hongkong, China
Organizer: Family Planning Association of Hong Kong
Contact: Conference Secretariat at or tel.: +852 2735 8118

7th  National Conference on Social Work Response to HIV/AIDS
19 – 22 August 2010
Kuttikkanam, Kerala, India
Organizer: School of Social Work Ignou, School of Social Work Marian College Kuttikanam,
               Association of Schools of Social Work, Kerala
Contact:  Gracious Thomas at or tel.: 011-29532044

3rd CSBR Sexuality Institute 2010
18 - 25 September 2010
Jakarta, Indonesia
Organiser: Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies (CSBR)
Contact: CSBR at

Second International Conference on Alcohol and HIV: Insights from Interventions
28 – 30 September 2010
New Delhi, India
Organizers: International Center for Research on Women, The Institute for Community
                Research, Public Health Foundation of India and National Institute of Alcohol
                Abuse and Alcoholism
Contact: International Center for Research on Women

A Pre-Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference Meeting of Social Researchers to Advance a Research Agenda for HIV Prevention Work for Men Who Have Sex with Men in Asia
18-19 October 2010
Sydney, Australia
Organizer: The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society (ARCSHS) at
                La Trobe University

Contact: Dr Stephen McNally at the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and
            Society, La Trobe University

Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference 2010
20 – 22 October 2010
Sydney, Australia
Organizer: ASHM Conference, Events & Sponsorship

4th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Prevention
25 - 26 November 2010
Hanoi, Vietnam
Organizer: Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), Ministry of Health
Contact: VAAC at or tel.: 84 437366185

World AIDS Day
Theme: Universal Access and Human Rights
1 December 2010
Various events will be organized around the world.

Hope 2010 International Conference
15 – 17 December 2010
Mumbai, India
Organizer: Drug Abuse Information Rehabilitation and Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Contact: Dr Yusuf
Merchant --  tel.: +91 -22 -22691484 or 22611650 or
           fax: +91 – 22 – 23421416