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HIV and Nutrition


Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding 2010
WHO, 2010
Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence.


HIV and infant feeding. Revised Principles and Recommendations. Rapid advice
WHO, November 2009
On the eve of World AIDS Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) is releasing new recommendations on treatment, prevention and infant feeding in the context of HIV, based on the latest scientific evidence.
Evidence has been reported that antiretroviral (ARV) interventions to either the HIV-infected mother or HIV-exposed infant can significantly reduce the risk of postnatal transmission of HIV through breastfeeding. This has major implications for how women living with HIV might choose to feed their infants, and how health workers should counsel mothers when making these choices. The potential of ARVs to reduce HIV transmission throughout the period of breastfeeding also highlights the need for guidance on how child health services should communicate information about ARVs to prevent transmission through breastfeeding, and the implications for feeding of HIV exposed infants through the first two years of life. The key principles and recommendations are directed towards policymakers, academics and health workers.

Guidelines for an integrated approach to nutritional care of HIV-infected children (6 months - 14 years)
WHO, 2009
In the area of nutrition and HIV, children deserve special attention because of their additional needs to ensure growth and development and their dependency on adults for adequate care. It was therefore proposed to first develop guidelines for children and thereafter consider a similar approach for other specific groups.
The content of these guidelines acknowledges that wasting and undernutrition in HIV-infected children reflect a series of failures within the health system, the home and community and not just a biological process related to virus and host interactions. In trying to protect the nutritional well-being or reverse the undernutrition experienced by infected children, issues of food insecurity, food quantity and quality as well as absorption and digestion of nutrients are considered. Interventions are proposed that are practical and feasible in resource-poor settings and offer a prospect for clinical improvement.

HIV transmission through breastfeeding
WHO, 2008
This publication is an update of the review of current knowledge on HIV transmission through breastfeeding, with a focus on information made available between 2001 and 2007. It reviews scientific evidence on the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding, the impact of different feeding options on child health outcomes, and conceivable strategies to reduce HIV transmission through breastfeeding with an emphasis on the developing world.


International Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) chart booklet for high HIV settings
WHO, 2008


HIV, Food Security and Nutrition
Often neglected, food security and nutrition are critical for individuals, households and communities affected by HIV. Lack of food security and poor nutritional status may hasten progression to AIDS-related illnesses, undermine adherence and response to antiretroviral therapy, and exacerbate socioeconomic impacts of the virus. HIV infection itself undermines food security and nutrition by reducing work capacity and productivity, and jeopardizing household livelihoods.


Use of diet, nutritional supplements and exercise in HIV-infected patient receiving combination antiretroviral therapies: a systematic review.
Leyes P, Martinez E, Forga M. Antivir Ther. 2008;13(2):149-59.


HIV Nutrition and Health.
Articles and Online Community Support Center for women with HIV.
Tufts University, School of Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine. Nutrition/Infection Unit, Boston.


A practical Guide to Nutrition for People living with HIV.
Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange, 2007.
The Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange (CATIE) in good faith provides information resources to help people living with HIV/AIDS who wish to manage their own health care in partner-ship with their care providers.


Food Assistance Programming in the context of HIV
WFP, 2007
There is increased acknowledgment in the development community of the links between food insecurity and HIV, and the corresponding need to integrate food and nutritional support into a comprehensive response to the epidemic. In areas of high HIV prevalence, many food assistance agencies have recognized the need to adjust conventional food assistance interventions to respond to vulnerabilities related to HIV’s impact on individuals, households and communities.


Cost for nutritional support for HIV/AIDS projects.
WFP, 2008