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Sexuality Education

Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health through schools in low income countries: an information brief
WHO, 2009
The premise of the Brief is that school-based sexual and reproductive health education is one of the most important and widespread ways to help adolescents to recognize and avert risks and improve their reproductive health.


International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education
UNESCO, December 2009
The voluntary and non-mandatory International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education developed by UNESCO in partnership with UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO seeks to assist education, health and other relevant authorities to develop and implement school-based sexuality education materials and programmes. It is based on a rigorous review of evidence on sexuality education programmes and is aimed at education and health sector decision-makers and professionals.
Volume I of the International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education focuses on the rationale for sexuality education and provides sound technical advice on characteristics of effective programmes. It is the outcome of a rigorous review of the literature on the impact of sexuality education and sexual behaviour, drawing upon 87 studies from around the world.  
A companion document (Volume II) focuses on the topics and learning objectives to be covered in a basic minimum package on sexuality education for children and young people from 5 to 18+ years of age and includes a bibliography of useful resources.

Convergence of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Services for People Living With or Most at Risk of HIV: A Toolkit for Building Capacity
PATH, 2009
The toolkit provides practical guidance for building the capacity of various institutions to  integrate HIV and sexual and reproductive health services strategically. Developed in India, the toolkit is designed for program managers of nongovernmental organizations and community-based organisations; health care providers in the public sector at the national, district, and facility levels; and those running private-sector programs.

Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health for Persons with Disabilities: WHO/UNFPA Guidance Note
WHO and UNFPA, 2009
An estimated 10% of the world’s population live with a disability. Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs as other people. Yet they often face barriers to information and services. This guidance note addresses issues of SRH programming for persons with disabilities. It is intended for SRH experts and advocates within UNFPA and WHO as well as those in other development organizations and partners. Those who address issues of family planning, maternal health, HIV and AIDS, adolescence and gender-based violence may find this information particularly helpful. SRH particularly deserves attention because its needs have been so widely and so deeply neglected. The approaches discussed here, however, apply broadly to all aspects of health programming for persons with disabilities. This note outlines a general approach to programming: it does not address specific protocols for the SRH care and treatment of persons with disabilities.


Awareness of school students on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their sexual behavior: a cross-sectional study conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Anwar M, Sulaiman SA, Ahmadi K, Khan TM.
BMC Public Health. 2010 Jan 30;10:47.

Sexually transmitted Infections (STIs) rank among the most important health issues for the people especially the young adults worldwide. Young people tend to engage in sexual activity at younger ages in the past decade than in the 1970s, and 1980s. Knowledge is an essential precursor of sexual risk reduction. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, to produce the baseline information about school students' awareness and perception about sexually transmitted Infections (STIs) and their sexual activity to help establish control and education programmes.
Abstract and free article-access

Transgender People's  Access To Sexual Health and Rights: A Study of Law and Policy in 12 Asian Countries
Neha Sood, Asian Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Woman, May 2010
This study was commissioned to examine and report on issues related to sexuality in the 12 Asian countries. Sexuality is recognized, variably in sections of civil society, United Nations` institutions, donor governments to be a central aspect of personhood which affects all individualism families, communities and societies. Also recognized are the links with health, reproductive health and rights, livelihood, poverty, HIV and AIDS and other issues.

Opportunities and Challenges in School-based Sex and Sexual Health Education in Nepal
Acharya D, Van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P
Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 7(4):445-453, 2009
This article identifies and addresses opportunities for and challenges to current school-based sex and sexual health education in Nepal. Key literature searches were conducted of electronic databases and relevant websites, furthermore personal contact with experts and the hand searching of key journals was included. The review of this literature generated the following challenges: Limitations to teaching including lack of life skill-based and human right-based approach, inappropriate teaching aid and reliance on conventional methods, existing policy and practice, parental/community support, and lack of research into and evaluation of sex education. Diverse methodology in teaching, implementation of peer education programme, partnership with parents, involvement of external agencies and health professionals, capacity building of teachers, access to support and service organisation, and research and evaluation in sex education have been suggested for improving the current practice of sex and sexual health education in Nepalese schools.

Sex, Rights and the Law in a World with AIDS -  Meeting Report and Recommendations
International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), UNDP, and the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS, 2009
This document offers a broad framework for understanding and addressing HIV vulnerability related to sexuality and gender. It also provides recommendations on priority actions to be taken to reduce those vulnerabilities and foster resilience in the context of a long-term response to AIDS.


National responses for children affected by AIDS: Review of progress and lessons learned Supported
Unicef, World Vision, 2008


Cambodia: Strategic Plan and Operational Plan for HIV 2008-2010
Reducing HIV-related vulnerability, stigna and risk among Cambodian Youth through education
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 2008


International Planned Parenthood Federation. 2010.It’s all one curriculum.


UNGEI.2009. Girls’ Success: Mentoring Guide For Life Skills.


UNFPA.2009. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolikit for Humanitarian Settings.


Chinvarasopak, W. 2008. Teachers and Sex: Uneasy Bedfellows? The Experience of the Teenpath Project, PowerPoint presentation at the International AIDS Conference, Mexico City, August 3-8, 2008.


Exchange Magazine. 2008. Gender Violence, HIV and AIDS. Exchange on HIV/AIDS, sexuality and gender. No. 3.Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute.


UNESCO BANGKOK. 2008. HIV Preventive Education Information Kit for School Teachers.


FHI.2008. Assessing Your Risks: SMARTgirl Program Facilitator’s guide and Risk Assessment Cards (pdf)


Bruce, Judith.2007.Girls left behind: Redirecting HIV interventions toward the most vulnerable, Promoting Healthy, Safe, and Productive Transitions to Adulthood Brief no.23. New York: Population Council, 2007.


UNESCO IBE. 2006. Manual for Integrating HIV and AIDS Education in School Curricula. Geneva: International Bureau of Education/UNESCO.


PATH. 2006. Tuko Pamoja: A Guide for Talking with Young People about their Reproductive Health. Nairobi: Programme for Appropriate Technology in Health.


UNESCO. 2005. Reducing HIV/AIDS Vulnerability Among Students in the School Setting: A Teacher Training Manual. Bangkok: UNESCO.


Girls Best Friend Foundation and Advocates for Youth. 2005. Creating Safe Space for GLBTQ Youth: A Toolkit Girl’s Best Friend Foundation & Advocates for Youth


Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. 2004. 'Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education: Kindergarten through 12th Grade


Advocates for Youth. 2002. Guide to Implementing TAP (Teens for AIDS Prevention):A Peer Education Program to Prevent HIV and STI .2nd Edition.

AVERT International AIDS Charity. 2010. Averting HIV and AIDS.