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Reducing HIV/AIDS Vulnerability among Students in School Setting

Funded by UNESCO and Japanese Fund-in Trust, a generic manual entitled "Training of Teachers manual on Preventive Education against HIV/AIDS in the School Setting" was developed in 1999. 

During 2000-2002, the generic manual was adapted, translated and used in teacher training colleges in various countries including Cambodia, Chian, Indonesia, India, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam and Uzbekistan.

In 2003, the generic manual was evaluated and feedback from the field indicated that a stronger focus on sex education, life skills and more participatory learning-teaching methods was needed. Therefore, a new project on "Strengthening and expanding the provision of HIV/AIDS Life skills and Preventive Education in Teacher Training colleges in 12 Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam) was begun, again funded by JFIT.

As a direct result of this activity, UNESCO Regional Bureau for Education in Asia and the Pacific (UNESCO Bangkok) in collaboration with UNESCO country offices and UNESCO National Commissions has developed a strong partnership with various ministries, specially the MOEs in these countries. In September 2004, the updated teacher training manual was reviewed at a regional expert meeting in Pattaya, Thailand. Many comments and suggestions were made that are incorporated in the latest version, Reducing HIV/AIDS Vulnerability Among Students in the School Setting: A Teacher Training Manual.

The manual, for use by teacher trainers, is the product of the evaluation of experiences implementing and launching a previous teacher training manual, and has benefited from reviews by several experts in the region. The manual aims to equip teachers with knowledge and methods for teaching about HIV/AIDS and related topics in their class rooms. It includes many group activities, ensuring the topic is dealt with in a student-centered manner, with a minimum of lectures and a maximum focus on strengthening basic life skills that can help reduce young people’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.

The manual will be adapted for use in 13 countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Since March 2005, a series of in-country adaptation workshops has been organized in China, Viet Nam, Indonesia and Lao PDR.