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India

Mr. Shri Vivek Bhardwaj, Deputy Secretary (SE), Department of Secondary & Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development presented India’s Report.

There are around 1.1 million schools in India, which accommodate some 180 million students and over 5 million teachers.

The government recognises that computers are important tools. For this reason, exposure to computers and training in the use of computers form part of professional education. Moreover, programmes for computer literacy are being organised in the education sector.

The goals and objectives of the ICT for education programmes are to:

  • Equip all students with basic computer skills;
  • Facilitate IT as a career option for secondary school students;
  • Enhance learning effectiveness through Technology Aided Learning;
  • Promote critical thinking, a spirit of enquiry, make learning joyful and empower teachers;
  • Address problems of children with special needs.

The ICT for education programmes target all secondary schools and all subjects where ICT is applicable.

ICT in Education is currently being introduced through a multi-layered approach. First, ICT is integrated in textbooks for computer subjects like Introduction to Computer Science, Informatic Practices, ICT Systems. ICT is likewise used in face-to-face learning.

In-service training of teachers is conducted in State Councils for Education Research and Training. Meanwhile, the National Council of Teacher Education provides the framework for pre-service training of teachers. In addition to these, the government works hand-in-hand with private organisations for other ICT related training for teachers.

Schools are provided with computer, networking facilities, printers and scanners. Computer software are also provided such as MS Windows, MS Office, CorelDraw, MS Encarta, Educational CDs. Internet connection however is limited to Types A and B Cities.

To evaluate all the efforts being done, an MIS is being developed. This MIS includes:

  • Student Information Module
  • Assessment Tracking Module
  • Collaborative Module
  • Administration Module
  • Content Updating Module

As in other countries, there are still many challenges and obstacles to hurdle. Among these are:

  • Software content
  • Infrastructure
  • Lack of trained teachers
  • Lack of motivation