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Indonesia

Mr. Lambas Lambas of the Curriculum Centre presented this report of the implementation of ICT in Education in Indonesia.

Indonesia’s Policy On ICT In Education

Indonesia's plans to integrate ICT in education are directed towards ingraining students with the ability to harness new technologies for accessing and disseminating information and knowledge, and to harness these as tools for decision-making. The Curriculum Centre believes that this is an important competency in the era of knowledge and information technology.

It is intended that students will learn to understand when and what kind of knowledge are needed; to find and access information from various sources; and to evaluate, use and share information with others. The Centre defined ICT in relation to students as “ …in ICT students learn to get information, process and use it to communicate effectively through various media.”

ICT is introduced to students in primary school. However, schools introduce ICT according to student needs. A school may add a subject according to the specific needs of students. ICT subjects are taught 4 hours a week. Schools are likewise encouraged to upload their ICT curriculum on the Internet. ICT is also used for school management. In the non-formal education sector, private computer courses are offered or sometimes, ICT is offered as an extra-curricular subject.

The government set the following goals and objectives for the integration of ICT in education:

  • Information and Communication Technology in Society: The student understands the benefits and disadvantages, as well as the challenges in information technology;
  • Information and Communication: Students put their knowledge, skills and attitudes into practice relating to Information Technology in getting, processing, arranging, distributing, and keeping information.
  • System and Design: Students apply their knowledge, skills and attitudes in designing information technology systems, solving problems relating to ICT.

The government in implementing ICT in education is facing many problems. Among these are:

  • Integration of ICT in the curriculum
  • Decentralisation of the educational system
  • The high cost of Internet connections

When it comes to the professional development of teachers, courses are provided by the education board. Also, courses are being offered by non-governmental organisations.