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Viet Nam

The country report was presented by Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan of the Education Management Information Centre of the Ministry of Education and Training in Vietnam.

Vietnam has a population of 76.6 million, of which 76.5% live and work in agriculture. Vietnam’s literacy rate stands at 94%. It conducted a campaign to “universalise” primary education from the year 1990 to 2000, with a view to universalising secondary education by 2010.

For the centralised planning and administration of education and training, the Education and Training Management Information System (EMIS) was designed.

Education in Vietnam begins at the age of 6. Children undergo 5 years of primary school, four years of lower secondary school and three years of upper secondary school. Early childcare is provided for children who are two years of age or younger, while kindergarten is for children aged three to five years old.

Each district has a District Education Bureau and each province has a Service of Education and Training. These agencies give advice on policies and training development within districts and provinces.

ICT is offered as an optional subject in schools. In schools where there are computer laboratories, students are able to practice their computer skills. In lower secondary schools, students study Winword and Excel; in upper secondary schools, students study basic programming.

Few teachers graduated from ICT-related courses. One of the things being done about this is to train Math and Physics teachers in ICT.

Statistics from studies reveal that only 2.59% of lower secondary school students and 11.52% of upper secondary school students are trained in ICT.

Currently, there remain many problems related to integrating ICT in education, such as:

  • Price of computers;
  • English language skills are low; and
  • The disparity in living conditions between urban and rural areas.

Meanwhile, the goals and objectives of ICT for education programme for the year 2010 are to:

  • Establish ICT departments in universities to train teachers for schools;
  • Make ICT a subject in general education;
  • Train teachers;Provide computer labs in all schools;
  • Promote collaboration in international training about ICT; and
  • Apply ICT in school management.