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Bangladesh


Implementing Agency

Dhaka Ahsania Mission (DAM)
House No. 19, Road No. 12 (New), Dhanmondi R. A., Dhaka 1209
Phone:  880-2-8115909
Fax:  880-2-8113010
E-mail:  dambgd@bdonline.com
URL:     http://www.ahsaniamission.org


Literacy and NFE situation

The government launched the Integrate NFE Programme in 1991, and the national commitment to expand and improve literacy and NFE has been strengthened with the establishment of Directorate of NFE in 1995.  It has been also reflected in the increase of education budget allocation for NFE sub-sector from only 0.3% in 1992-93 to 3.9% in 2000-01.  The adult literacy rate of Bangladesh has increased from 34.6% in 1990 to 65% today, however about 50 millions of adult population still remain as illiterates.  Nearly 500 NGOs are also conducting their own NFE programmes and implementing the government’s programmes as partners. 


CLC Initiatives and Features

DAM has been running more than 800 Ganokendra (community-based learning centres) in 69 unions in 5 districts in cooperation with the Directorate of NFE and UNESCO.  Since 1998, with the support under the UNESCO APPEAL’s CLC project, 24 out of 45 existing Ganokendras in Narsingdi District have expanded their functions from post-literacy centres and community libraries to the lifelong learning centres for providing continuing education opportunities for the rural population through community participation. 

CLCs are not limited to the newly-literates, but accessible to all people in the communities, including illiterates, out-of-school children, people with limited reading skills, local school students and youths to participate in various activities, particularly focusing on income generating activities and quality of life improvement in areas such as health and nutrition.


Main Activities

CLCs have been serving as training, information and issue-based discussion centers for community members and other local agencies.  As an information centre, daily/periodical newspapers, newsletters, and information materials on health and nutrition, income generation, environment, legal rights, society and culture, right and duties, child labor, etc. are made available.  CLCs are also utilized by local extention department and NGOs to conduct need-based vocational training. 


Strengths and Weaknesses

CLCs are now locally managed centres so they address issues of relevance to the local community, particularly the women, and they are proving the worth of community-based continuing education intervention, which has been largely missing in Bangladesh.  However, the functions of CLC management committees need to be improved, especially in management of activities, networking with local service providers, and resource mobilization.  The linkage of CLCs with other government and NGOs also need to be strengthened.


Future Plans

Future plans of CLCs include:
- Organization of union-level Community Resource Centres to provide technical support to village-based CLCs.
- Provision of NFE for out-of-school children through CLCs for their mainstreaming to education.
- Strengthening the role of CLCs as vocational training centres and information service centres.