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Year Conducted: 2015, 2012

Quick Facts
Name of Organization/ Institution Level of Schooling Formal or Non-formal Public or Private Which Languages Number of Children reached by level of schooling Location Use of language in classroom (see explanations below) Materials in classroom
Research Centre for Ethnic Minority Education, Viet Nam Institute for Educational Sciences, under Ministry of Education and Training PR FE PUB Hmong Dô (hmv) , Jarai (jra), Khmer, Central (khm) F: 136 + M: 105 = 241 (G5) Lao Cai province, Gia Lai province, Tra Vinh province 4 (L2 Vietnamese as instruction language and Mong, Jrai and Khmer in teaching mother tongue subject) One text book in mother tongue subject and five text books of Sciences, Math, Vietnamese, History and Geography in L2 Vietnamese
Lao Cai Education and Training Department PP, PR FE PUB Hmong Dô (hmv) 240(PP) + 178(G1) + 178(G2) + 178(G3) + 174(G4) + 174(G5) = 944 Lao Cai province 2 in PP, 1 in PR G1-3, 4 in G4-5 In PP: 10 puzzle, 1 big book, 1 set of alphabet G1 and 2 PR: 4 materials in L1 (mother tongue Textbook, Writing Exercise and Nature/ Social Sciences, Math) one textbook in L2 Vietnamese subject; In G3 PR: 2 materials in L1 mother tongue subject and writing exercise; 3 materials in L2 Nature and Social Sciences, Math, Vietnamese; In G4&5 PR: One text book in mother tongue subject and five text books of Sciences, Math, Vietnamese, History and Geography in L2 Vietnamese
An Giang Education and Training Department PP FE PUB Khmer, Central (khm) 190 An Giang province 2 10 puzzle, 1 big book, 1 set of alphabet
Save the Children International in Vietnam PR FE PUB Mong, Dao, Lao (lao) F:2989 + M:3095 = 6084 Dien Bien Dong district, Dien Bien province and Van Chan district, Yen Bai province (north-west of Vietnam) 1, 6 (teachers were trained in teaching Vietnamese as second language; Assistant teachers speak Mong, Dao, and Laos) No formal materials; Theme pictures, big books and small books reflex children’s culture and made by teachers, parents and community but wording is in L2.


Name of organisation / institution: 

Give the name of the organisation(s) (NGO, local association, etc) or institution (church, pagoda, temple, university etc.) which is initiating and supporting the action. This can include government agencies and institutions. Please specify type of involvement, e.g. initiator, lead actor, funder and implementer.

Level of schooling:

Identify whether action is at the pre-primary level (PP) or at the primary /elementary level (PR). The mapping is focusing only on these two levels of education.

Formal or Non-formal:

Identify whether action is:

1. in the formal (FE) or non-formal (NFE); and
2. in the government education system (Govt) or outside the government system by non-state providers (NSP).

Public or private:

Identify whether the action is happening in the public education (PUB) system or private (PRI). If this does not apply to your country, write n/a.

Which language:

Give the name of the local or minority language(s) which the action includes. If possible, see your country’s section on the ( and find the relevant 3-letter ISO language code for these languages.

Number of children:

Give the number of children reached by school level (pre-primary and primary/elementary). Please disaggregate by gender (i.e. M: and F:),

Location of action:

Give sub-national location of action(s) either province or district

Use of language in classroom:

Identify how language is used in the classroom by using the descriptors below. Choose the most appropriate one. You can choose more than one.

1. Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2) .
2. Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
3. The second language is officially the language of instruction.
4. Language of instruction is the second language with MT as subject.
5. Mother tongue is used orally, no written materials – officially.
6. Mother tongue is used orally, no written materials – unofficially.
7. Second language (L2) is taught as second language.

Materials in classroom:

Are there teaching and learning materials in MT in classroom? Yes or no. If yes, estimate the number of titles in MT.