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TVET Policy Review in Lao PDR

The ongoing UNESCO TVET Policy Review in Lao PDR is intended to identify concrete options and strategies for improving the policies within the TVET system in the country. Moreover, the Policy Review also seeks to further develop the local capacity to undertake TVET strategic policy analysis and planning that is harmonised with the country’s socioeconomic goals and priorities and contributing to sustainable development.

 

In July 2011, an expert team composed of officials from UNESCO Headquarters and the UNESCO Bangkok Regional Office conducted a field mission in Vientiane. Under the leadership of Borhene Chakroun, Chief of UNESCO’s TVET Section, and Youngsup Choi, TVET expert of UNESCO Bangkok, the team met with various TVET stakeholders, including Lao TVET institutions, local business organisations, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and development partners like GIZ, JICA, AusAID and ADB.

Wrap-up Meeting of the UNESCO Policy Review Team with the Ministry of Education and Sports ©UNESCO/Mary Anne Therese Manuson

Following the successful consultations that took place in July, the expert team returned to Lao PDR in September to conduct a second field mission in Vientiane and the provinces of Luang Prabang and Champasak. As part of the consultative process outlined within the overarching framework of the TVET Policy Review in Lao PDR, the UNESCO expert team once again collected information, views and opinions from key stakeholders such as TVET providers, employers, civil society representatives, relevant government ministries and development partners. These consultations were instrumental in identifying problems, constraints and opportunities which future policy directions may address.

The Policy Review Team was composed of the following members: Youngsup Choi and Mary Anne Therese Manuson of UNESCO Bangkok; Anuje Sirikit of UNESCO Vientiane Antennae Office; TVET Specialists Dr. Siripan Choomnoom and Jean-Raymond Masson and Luis Guillermo Hakim, Labour Market Economist. 

Meetings and consultations were held with the following stakeholders: Ministry of FinanceMinistry of Agriculture and ForestryMinistry of Industry and CommerceVocational Education Development Centre (MOE), Department of Vocational Education and Training (MOE), Pakse Provincial Education Services (MOE)Department of Private Education (MOE)Department of Secondary Education (MOE), Lao Women’s Union, Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Peuan Mit Centre; Vientiane Parents’ Association, Department of Statistics, Champasak Technical SchoolSouthern Region Non Formal Education CentrePakse Chamber of CommerceLuang Prabang Technical SchoolLuang Prabang Department of Vocational Education and Training (MOE)Luang Prabang Province Chamber of Commerce and IndustrySantiphab Secondary SchoolLao-Vietnamese Secondary School PakseIT Xay Champa CollegeChampasak Ministry of Labour and Social WelfareManivan CollegeFaculty of Engineering, Souphanouvong UniversitySuan Luang Ethnic High SchoolPakse Rural Area Secondary SchoolPhonesavanh Business Administration CollegeNorthern Region Non Formal Education CentreLao Furniture AssociationFaculty of Engineering, National University of Laos and the Lao-Vietnamese Secondary School Vientiane.

On the last day of the mission, the Policy Review Team members had a wrap-up meeting with MOE officials led by Mr. Nouphan Outsa, Acting Director General, Technical Vocational Education Department and Mr. Ly Foung, Director General, Department of Secondary Education. The Policy Review Team and the MOE representatives jointly reviewed the aide memoire of the previous mission in July as certain MOE officials in attendance still had not seen the document. 

Following the conclusion of the nine-day mission, the team presented the MOE panel with six key policy recommendations. These overarching policy recommendations were mutually identified and agreed upon by all Policy Review Team members during an intensive debriefing meeting on 29 September 2011. In brief, the recommendations underscored the need to improve the following policy areas: Public-Private Partnerships; coordination between and among government ministries, especially at the provincial level; decentralisation; donor cooperation; interventions to improve the 9+3 Lao education structure, and the country’s TVET information management system.

The six policy recommendations were well-received by the MOE panel, and they found all recommendations useful and constructive. The MOE concluded the meeting by thanking the team for conducting a second mission in the country. 

A comprehensive report of the Laos TVET Policy Review is currently being finalised by the UNESCO Headquarters TVET Section, in collaboration with UNESCO Bangkok. UNESCO will formally present the report to the Lao government in February 2012 at a national consultation meeting to be held in Vientiane. The final report will be available for download following the conclusion of the event.

For more information, please contact Mr. Youngsup Choi (ys.choi(at)unesco.org) or Ms. Mary Anne Therese Manuson (m.manuson(at)unesco.org). 



16.01.2012