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YKAP Short Course Manual became available online

The short course materials on "Understanding the focus on Young People from Key Affected Populations in concentrated and low prevalence HIV epidemics" is now accessible at

Most countries in the Asia-Pacific region are experiencing a concentrated HIV epidemic. HIV prevalence is generally low but infections are concentrated in identified groups of people who engage in particular behaviours that make them more vulnerable to HIV. These groups are referred to as key affected populations (KAP) because they are both key to the epidemic’s dynamics and key to the response.

In the Asia-Pacific region, YKAP include: young people selling sex; young men who have sex with men; young transgender people; young people who inject drugs; and young people living with HIV. While particular behaviours put young people at risk of HIV infection (such as unprotected sex with multiple partners, including unprotected anal sex, and injecting drugs with non-sterile equipment), the underlying determinants of HIV reveal a more complex picture. The illegality of consensual same-sex relations, sex work, and drug use in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region can further increase vulnerability.

There is an urgent need to respond to the reshaping of social and legal environment that compound vulnerability, and to work in a sustained, effective way to ensure that young people are aware of the risk factors and have access to protection and health care. UNICEF, UNFPA and UNESCO have collaborated to develop a course to build capacity to meet the specific need and rights of young people from key affected populations. 

In this context, UNICEF, UNFPA and UNESCO have collaborated to develop a course to build capacity to meet the specific needs and rights of young people from KAP.

The YKAP course should aim to
• Provide an overview of global, regional and country-level data on YKAP, and consider how to gather and use better strategic information.
• Review and critique different frameworks for programming for YKAP, and introduce and apply different tools and practical guidelines.
• Review the evidence base on programming for YKAP, and promising programmes in the region and beyond.
• Develop strategies for the effective and appropriate engagement of YKAP and their communities in all phases of the programming and policy process.

The course has been designed for staff from government, UN agencies, INGOs, and NGOs working to support YKAP or extremely vulnerable adolescents and young people in the areas of research, policy and programming and/or service provision. The course is also appropriate for young people working in a significant capacity to address these issues at different levels and across sectors.

The course materials consist of the Trainer manual and PowerPoint Presentations and were prepared by technical collaborates from a consortium of the University of Melbourne including Dr. Helen Cahill, Ms. Brigitte Tenni, Mr. Chad Hughes, and Ms. Emma Brathwaite in consultation with UNICEF Asia-Pacific Shared Services Centre, UNFPA Asia- Pacific Regional Office and UNESCO Asia-Pacific Regional Bureau for Education. 

The course has been delivered five times in the Asia-Pacific region over the last few years. Most recently the course was hosted at UNESCO Bangkok, Thailand in August 2012. More than 40 people from government agencies, the United Nations, and INGO and NGOs working to support young people from key affected populations in Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Pacific Island Countries and Terrorities attended the course.

For any enquiry, please send an email to