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Year Conducted: 2015, 2012


About 23 languages are spoken in Cambodia. The largest ethnic group, the Khmer, make up approximately 90 percent of the population. In Cambodia, the usual medium of instruction at all levels is the national language, Khmer. According to the MLE Mapping exercise, eight (8) non-dominant languages (NDLs) are used in classrooms, some of them also as medium of instruction, in six provinces of northeastern Cambodia – Mondulkiri, Kratie, Ratanakiri, Stung Treng, Kampong Cham and Preah Vihear. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport has adopted a bilingual education model in both formal and non-formal systems of education for adults as well as children. The Guidelines on Implementation of Education for Indigenous children in Highland Provinces was approved by the Minister of Education in august 2010.

Quick Facts
Name of Organization/ Institution Level of Schooling Formal or Non-formal Public or Private Which Languages Number of Children reached by level of schooling Location Use of language in classroom (see explanations below) Materials in classroom
CARE PP FE, NSP NSP Tampuan (tpu), Kru'ng 2 (krr) F: 635 & M: 668 = 1,303 Ratanakiri Province 1, 7 Yes (74 titles in each language)
CARE (Initiator, lead actor, implementer), MoEYS (implementer), UNICEF (funder) PR FE PUB Tampuan (tpu), Kru'ng 2 (krr),Kavet (krv), Central Mnong (cmo), Brao (brb) F: 1,316 & M: 2,845 = 4,161 Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Kratie and Stung Treng Provinces 1,7 Yes (56 titles in each language)
CARE (Technical Support), MoEYS (Implementer), UNICEF (Funder) PP FE - Children/Youth PUB Tampuan (tpu), Kru'ng 2 (krr), Kavet (krv), Central Mnong (cmo), Kuy (kdt) F: 328 & M: 287 = 615 Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Kratie, Stung Treng, Preah Vihear provinces 1, 5, 7 Yes (7 titles in each language)
Plan PP FE NSP Tampuan (tpu), Kru'ng 2 (krr), Lao (lao), Brao (brb), Kavet (krv) F: 327 + M: 328 = 655 Ratanakiri Province 1,5,7 Yes (4 titles in Khmer language)
Primary Education Department: Implementer UNICEF: Funding Support and technical support through CARE PR NFE: community school, NFE: community school PUB, Community Central Mnong (cmo), Kru'ng 2 (krr), Tampuan (tpu), Kavet (krv), Kuy (kdt) F: 1,564 + M: 1,774 = 3,338 (43 schools are in the process to be annexed to public schools Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Stung Treng, Kratie, Preah Vihear 1 4 subject books with additional booklets developed by NGO
Early Childhood Education Department-Implementer / UNICEF-Funding support and technical support through CARE PP NFE Community Tampuan (tpu), Kru'ng 2 (krr), Jarai (jra), Central Mong (cmo), Kuy (kdt) F: 362 + M:345 = 707 34Community preschools Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Stung Treng, Kratie, Preah Vihear 1 3 teacher modules


Name of organisation / institution: 

Give the name of the organisation(s) (NGO, local association, etc) or institution (church, pagoda, temple, university etc.) which is initiating and supporting the action. This can include government agencies and institutions. Please specify type of involvement, e.g. initiator, lead actor, funder and implementer.

Level of schooling:

Identify whether action is at the pre-primary level (PP) or at the primary /elementary level (PR). The mapping is focusing only on these two levels of education.

Formal or Non-formal:

Identify whether action is:

1. in the formal (FE) or non-formal (NFE); and
2. in the government education system (Govt) or outside the government system by non-state providers (NSP).

Public or private:

Identify whether the action is happening in the public education (PUB) system or private (PRI). If this does not apply to your country, write n/a.

Which language:

Give the name of the local or minority language(s) which the action includes. If possible, see your country’s section on the ( and find the relevant 3-letter ISO language code for these languages.

Number of children:

Give the number of children reached by school level (pre-primary and primary/elementary). Please disaggregate by gender (i.e. M: and F:),

Location of action:

Give sub-national location of action(s) either province or district

Use of language in classroom:

Identify how language is used in the classroom by using the descriptors below. Choose the most appropriate one. You can choose more than one.

1. Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2) .
2. Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
3. The second language is officially the language of instruction.
4. Language of instruction is the second language with MT as subject.
5. Mother tongue is used orally, no written materials – officially.
6. Mother tongue is used orally, no written materials – unofficially.
7. Second language (L2) is taught as second language.

Materials in classroom:

Are there teaching and learning materials in MT in classroom? Yes or no. If yes, estimate the number of titles in MT.