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I. ROLE OF ICT IN EDUCATION

Benefits & Issues

Recommended:

*** ICT Transforming Education - A Regional Guide
This guide is designed to equip teachers and teacher educators with the competencies and resources to use ICT to transform their practices and practices of their schools and education system. Written for teachers, teacher educators, heads of schools, administrators and Ministry ICT coordinators in the Asia-Pacific region, it draws upon the best practices and lessons learnt in the region.

*** The Educational Technology Site
This website features articles which will be useful to anyone who has an interest in educational technology. The aim of this site is to provide users, teachers, leaders and managers of educational ICT high quality articles that provide both information and food for thought.

*** Technology integration in the classroom: Is there only one way to make it effective?
This is a challenging discussion of education theory, outlining the two dominant schools of thought – directed instruction, and branches of constructivism following Piaget – and their relative merit in terms of technology in education.

*** The roles of information communication technologies in education
This review article discusses the roles of ICTs, the promises, limitations and key challenges of integration to education systems. The review attempts in answering the following questions: (1) What are the benefits of ICTs in education? (2) What are the existing promises of ICT use in education systems of some developing countries? (3) What are the limitations and key challenges of ICTs integration to education systems?

*** Technology Integration Research Review
The review explores some of the vast body of research out there and helps you navigate useful results. In this series of five articles, learn about three key elements of successful technology integration, discover some of the possible learning outcomes, get our recommendations on specific practices and programs by academic subject and promising tools for additional topics, find tips for avoiding pitfalls when adopting new technologies, and dig into a comprehensive annotated bibliography with links to all the studies and reports cited in these pages.

*** ICT and educational reform in developed and developing countries
Reviewing a number of projects in both developed and developing countries, this paper explores exactly how ICT is affecting education reform around the world, and examines whether general lessons can be learnt from the perceived benefits to teachers and students in different countries.

Other useful websites:

The Value of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Education
This info graphic developed by INTEL gives a quick overview on the benefits of Information and Communication Technology ICT) in Education.

The development of virtual education: A global perspective
A Commonwealth of Learning report which examines the differences in virtual education around the world through a series of regionally-based papers. In describing the various ways in which ICTs are being used to deliver education, these articles create a keen impression of the kinds of benefits that can accrue from virtual learning. For example, in the appendix to the section on East and Southeast Asia, the increasing affordability, flexibility and effectiveness of education due to ICTs in South Korea is described, while the report on the Indian Subcontinent describes perceived advantages in the four main kinds of virtual institution it identifies.

Critical reflections on the benefits of ICT in education
In both schools and homes, information and communication technologies (ICT) are widely seen as enhancing learning, this hope fuelling their rapid diffusion and adoption throughout developed societies. But they are not yet so embedded in the social practices of everyday life as to be taken for granted, with schools proving slower to change their lesson plans than they were to fit computers in the classroom. This article examines two possible explanations – first, that convincing evidence of improved learning outcomes remains surprisingly elusive, and second, the unresolved debate over whether ICT should be conceived of as supporting delivery of a traditional or a radically different vision of pedagogy based on soft skills and new digital literacies.

The impact of technology on learning: making sense of the research
This article looks at research into the use of technology in education, highlighting the conflicting opinions within the industry as to the level of its true value, and concludes that proponents of ICTs in education can learn much from critics’ reservations about costs and proper implementation of technological tools in the classroom.

The ICT Impact Report
EUN has published a major report on ICT impact on schools in Europe. The report, written in the framework of the ICT Cluster of the European Commission, draws on the evidence from 17 recent impact studies across Europe. It identifies 12 major findings concerning the impact of ICT on teaching and learning, identifies three types of barriers and makes 13 recommendations to policy-makers, educators and researchers.

Maximizing technology's potential for facilitating educational change
In this journal article, it is concluded that without serious thought as to how to integrate new media into the learning environment, technology-based education will not fulfil its potential as a catalyst for transforming teaching and learning.

How can we reach more learners, more effectively, and with greater impact?
“Game Changers: Education and Information Technologies” is a collection of chapters and case studies contributed by college and university presidents, provosts, faculty, and other stakeholders. 

PBS Teacher Source - Technology and Teaching 
This website provides information about recent research, organized into the following categories: Access and Digital Divide; Clearinghouses for Print and Online Research; Emerging Technologies; Evaluating Programs and Practices; Leadership and Technology; Student Learning; Teacher Practice and Professional Development; Virtual Schools; and Visual Media.

Technology in schools: does it make a difference?
This slightly dated but still relevant page from Education World looks at both sides of the debate on the value of technology-enhanced education. The author leans persuasively in favour of technology in schools and includes relevant resources to help make the case.

Technology in schools: some say it doesn't compute!
A counter argument to the previous page pro technology in the classroom, this Education World article takes a look at some of the research that questions the perceived correlation between technology and academic achievement.

Applying new technologies in basic education
This article charts the development of ICT in basic education through the 1990s and into the new millennium. In suggesting the future direction of e-learning in primary education, the author emphasizes that technology can only support education, not replace it.

The benefits of introducing young children to ICT
The author of this article looks at how staff at two children’s centres are reaping the benefits of information communication technology

ICT-based Distance Education in South Asia
This evaluation report gives examples of innovative use of ICT including traditional media (TV and Radio) for distance education and training in South Asia. Particular focus is given to ICT initiatives in India, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan, at university level, and in non-formal interventions.

UNESCO Institute for information Technologies in Education (IITE)
The mission of the IITE is to strengthen the national capacities of UNESCO Member States for applying ICTs in education. Its website offers countless amounts of resources of ICT in Education.  Particularly useful page is Information Resources where resources on: policy papers and plans on ICTs in education; legislation, curricula and standards; organization, administration and financing, teacher training; R&D and information; statistics; internet in education; multimedia in education; ICTs in distance education; and ICTs in education for people with special needs are available.

Inclusive Technology
This website offers ICT information and tools for education for learners with a physical disability, sensory impairment or learning difficulty. The service and products include educational needs software, switches and computer access devices, simple communication aids and assistive technology.