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Experts to Discuss “Vocationalization” of Secondary Education

In order to assist the evidence-based decision making of governments in the expansion of skills development at the secondary education level, UNESCO Bangkok in collaboration with UNESCO-UNEVOC Bonn is conducting a study on the various approaches in providing TVET in secondary schools. An expert meeting will be held in Bangkok on 3-4 December 2012 to exchange national policies, practices and lessons learned from a number of countries with experience in this area.


The regional expert meeting will bring together experts involved in the study as well as government representatives from other interested countries (e.g. Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar). The meeting will discuss the preliminary findings of the study, aiming to draw policy options and to examine potential issues that could be further elaborated in the regional synthesis report.  

The expert meeting will also discuss regional and international trends of TVET provision at the secondary level, including the findings of the 2012 edition of EFA Global Monitoring Report (GMR) focused on the topic of youth and skills. Country cases from China, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Thailand and Uzbekistan will be presented. Emerging issues and challenges of expanding TVET at the secondary level, including issues of enrolment, financing and curriculum, will be discussed. The sharing of the country cases between experts as well as with government representatives from other countries will allow for critical review of the applicability and feasibility of case countries’ experience in other countries of the Asia-Pacific region. The participants will also conduct a study visit to the Panyapiwat Techno Business School in Bangkok and discuss the way in which UNESCO can support countries in working to expand TVET at the secondary level. 

The meeting and the study will result in a publication in the form of booklet, which will focus on the various approaches in expanding TVET programmes at the secondary level in the Asia-Pacific region and will also analyse the information available in the region in order to respond to specific country needs. The topics in the booklet will include: historical context; current legislative and policy frameworks; strategies and challenges; curriculum development; teacher training/qualifications; financing and other related areas. The study will examine in detail country experiences from China, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Thailand and Uzbekistan given that these countries have a dynamic TVET provision at the secondary level that could provide interesting perspectives and lessons for other countries.

For more information, please contact Ramya Vivekanandan [r.vivekanandan(at)] or Mary Anne Therese Manuson [m.manuson(at)] at the Education Policy and Reform Unit

Written by Mary Anne Therese Manuson [m.manuson(at)] 

Related Links:

• UNESCO Bangkok TVET Webpage
• UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for TVET