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The Road to Education Reform in Myanmar

The Ministry of Education, Myanmar, together with key development partners, met in Yangon to discuss a nationwide Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR).

UNESCO Bangkok will be involved in a nationwide Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR), Myanmar.

The meeting, held from 16-17 May 2012, involved drafting terms of reference for government and development partners including UNESCO, UNICEF, AusAID, DFID, ADB and a number of key NGOs as they work together to conduct CESR and to support national reform efforts in education. 

For the Ministry of Education, the meeting allowed for the outlining of three clear review phases: an initial education policy review along with rapid data collection and analysis; a subsequent in-depth analysis of the education system; and a third phase, involving education planning and costing and the establishment of a comprehensive education plan. The CESR, beginning in July 2012, is expected to continue through to June 2014. 

For Mr Gwang-Chol Chang, the CESR provides an important opportunity for UNESCO to support the Government of Myanmar in its continued commitment to national reform in the area of education. 

“Given UNESCO’s expertise in the area of sector-wide policy and system development, UNESCO will play a key role in the review process, providing much needed technical assistance and capacity development support, in particular, in the areas of educational planning, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and higher education,” Mr Chang said. 

“It is also important, given the rush of support to Myanmar that development partners work hand in hand, ensuring consistency and strengthened commitment to education reform in Myanmar.” 

The final terms of reference for the CESR will be finalized in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, in mid-June. 

UNESCO’s participation in the CESR will be supported by the UNESCO Programme on Capacity Development for Education for All (CapEFA), supporting sector-wide policy and planning in Myanmar. 

For more information please contact Huong Le Thu at h.le-thu(at)

Written by Rachel McCarthy, Education Policy and Reform Unit, UNESCO Bangkok