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UNESCO Science Report

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The UNESCO Science Report

The UNESCO Science Report depicts a rapidly changing landscape. While investment in R&D is growing globally (in volume)*, emerging economies are clearly gaining strength in science and technology, according to UIS data. This can be seen especially in terms of Asia’s share of gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD).

Led mainly by China, India and the Republic of Korea, Asia’s share increased from 27% to 32% between 2002 and 2007, according to UIS data. Over the same period, the three heavyweights, the European Union, USA and Japan, registered a decrease. In 2002, almost 83% of R&D was carried out in developed countries; by 2007, this share had dropped to 76%.

This trend is even clearer when industry’s contribution to GERD is considered. Between 2000 and 2007, the private sector share of R&D spending, as a proportion of GDP, saw a sharp increase in Japan, China, Singapore and especially the Republic of Korea, while it remained stable in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom and even saw a slight decrease in the Russian Federation and the USA, according to UIS data.

For more information:

Consult the UNESCO portal to download the full report, executive summary, press release and other information available in various languages.

The UIS has prepared three fact sheets on:
• human resources invested in R&D
• women in science
• R&D expenditure.
Consult the UIS Data Centre for the the latest available data on science and technology.