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Human Rights-Based Education

Motivated by the aim to remove barriers to participation and allow equal access to education for disadvantaged groups (including girls, children with disabilities, minorities, out-of-school children), inclusive education inherently supports a rights-based approach to education.

Inclusive education is based on human rights standards and principles as defined by international human rights treaties.  The most relevant treaties include the following:

  • Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) calls for the right to education without discrimination for everyone
  • Article 28 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) stipulates a child’s right to education.
  • Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) guarantees the right to education for everyone.
  • The Dakar World Declaration on Education for All (2000) reiterates the concept of education as a fundamental human right. 

In order to fulfil the internationally agreed obligations delineated in the international human rights treaties, governments need to apply a rights-based approach to education in their programming and planning processes, such that the education system fosters human rights standards both in content and in process.


UNESCO's activities:

  • Supporting the implementation of rights-based education n the region
  • Organizing seminars, meetings and conferences for capacity building and sharing experience
  • Participating in the design and implementation of the UN Inter-Agency Asia-Pacific Lessons Learned Project (LLP): a joint initiative of UNESCO, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and other agencies, including the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the New Zealand Aid Agency (NZAID)
  • Promoting human rights education
  • Publishing manuals and other materials


» For more information about Rights-Based Education click here