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Gender equality has been recognized as a marker of national identity in Mongolia , where legal institutions explicitly guarantee equality between women and men. Whether gender equality actually exists or is being tenaciously sustained has been open to debate. Research institutes, NGOs and international organizations that have embarked on gender research have confined themselves to disaggregating data to reveal disparities between women and men; they rarely trace or analyze the socio-cultural mechanisms that justify and sustain such disparities. WS/GS, as a distinct discipline within higher education, has not yet been approved by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Technology. Thus, universities are unable to establish WS/GS as a separate degree or curricular offering.

Notwithstanding, WS/GS courses have been sporadically taught in the curricula of higher education in institutions such as the National University of Mongolia, the State Pedagogical University of Mongolia and the Humanities University of Mongolia. The other drawback is the lack of trained personnel to teach WS/GS on a wider scale throughout universities in Mongolia.

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