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First UNESCO Bangkok Bioethics Roundtable (BBRT1)


Date: 11-15 September 2005

Venue: Imperial Tara Hotel, Bangkok


Download the meeting report (MSWord document, 76kb)

Publication of proceedings is underway, expected in second half of 2006.



The purpose of this meeting was to engage in an interactive dialogue over the priorities for bioethics and ethics of science and technology in Asia and the Pacific, with global implications. How can we apply bioethics declarations and international agreements to enhance the realities of communities across a divided and diverse world? As we develop networks of researchers and policymakers we are bringing together persons from over 30 countries and a wide range of specialties for this roundtable as a further step in the reflection and action on ethics of science and technology.

In order to encourage group interaction, at this meeting 150 experts attended in their individual capacity, and participants presented papers (maximum 10 minute talks followed by similar time on informal Q&A in a roundtable discussion). Referenced versions of the accepted full papers will be published after the meeting.




Sunday, 11 September

8:00-9:00am Registration



1. Opening and UNESCO Ethics Programmes

Sheldon Shaeffer, Director, UNESCO Bangkok- Welcome

Prapon Walairat (Thailand) - Implementation of the Bangkok Declaration on the Ethics of Science and Technology

Darryl Macer – Overview of UNESCO Ethics Programmes

Song Sang-yong, Vice-Chair, COMEST (South Korea) – The COMEST



2. History and Practice of Ethics of Science and Technology

Renzong Qiu (China) – Confucianism and Its Implications for Bioethics: Tradition and Modernity in China

Shinryo Shinagawa (Japan) –  Bioethics in a Wider and Probably Original Sense

Suliana Siwatibau (Fiji) - Ethical Dimensions For Sustaining Pacific Island Environments

Jeong-Ro Yoon(South Korea) - Wither the ELSI program in Korea?

Mohammad Hasan Ghadiani (Iran) - Islamic Codes in Medical Ethics



3. Bioethics Education in Schools across Asia and the Pacific

D.S. Nesy (India) - Indian Ethics and Contemporary Bio-ethical Issues

Lindsey N. Conner (New Zealand) - The Importance of Knowledge Development in Bioethics Education

P. Senthil Kumaran et al. (India) - Teaching Moral Values For High School Students – Indian Context

Ester Abito and MaryAnn Chen Ng (the Philippines) – Bioethics Education Trials in the Philippines

Duangkamol Chartprasert (Thailand) - Internet Self-efficacy and Student-centered Learning in a Thai Secondary Schools

Liping Wang et al.  (China) - This Year’s Flowers Are Redder than Last Year - A Brief Introduction of the Bioethics Project in the High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University in the Past Two Years

Fu Jinhua (presented by Zhen Zheng) - The Actualities and Prospects of Bioethics Education in a Chinese Middle School

Jianzhi Li (China) - To treasure your life, refuse drug

Yuan Yu (China) - Teaching About Organ Donation and Organ Transplants

Dr. M. Selvanayagam and Fr. Francis P. Xavier (India) - Environmental Education and Ecoethics- Current Trends in Education

M. A. Jothi Rajan et al. (India) - Value Education: A Treasure of a Nation

Arockiam Thaddeus et al.  (India) - Can Formal Education Promote Beneficence?[poster]

D.S. Sheriff (India) - Perspective on The Role of Sex Education in the changing cultural scenario and psyche of Indian Personae in the 21st Century

Muhammad Nizam Awang @ Ali (Malaysia) - Consulting the Public in the Setting of Bioethics : Regulatory Framework and Policy in Malaysia


17:00-19:00pm Welcome reception


Monday, 12 September

8:30-12:00am 4. Environmental ethics

Elise Huffer and Tui Rakuita (Fiji) - Land and people as the measure: A Pacific ethic of place and prudence

Mary Ann Chen Ng (Japan/the Philippines) - Anthropocentrism isn’t a dirty word: reflections on nature and life at the margins

Abhik Gupta (India) - From Biosphere to Technosphere to Biotechnosphere: the Indian Scenario in an Eco-Ethical Perspective

Nat Tuivavalagi (Samoa) - Learning from our forefathers:  A foundation for bioethics in the Pacific islands – with emphasis on issues relating to agriculture and the environment

Fakrul Islam and Wardatul Akmam (Bangladesh) - Ethical Aspects of Using International Rivers: Some Policy Proposals for Optimal Sharing of Teesta River Water

Jan Wawrzyniak (Poland) - Theoretical Foundations of Neonaturalistic Environmental Bioethics

Aruna Sivakami (India) - Can education in environmental ethics alone solve problems of loss of biodiversity in Developing Countries

Morgan Pollard (Australia) - Spreading the Wings of Bioethics: Issues of Scale and Priority

Wardatul Akmam et al. (Bangladesh) -  Inculcation of Environment-friendly Ethics as a Prerequisite for Sustainable Development in Bangladesh


12:00-13:00 Lunch

13:00-15:00pm 5. Ethics of High Technology

John Weckert (Australia) – Should the precautionary principle be applied to nanotechnology

Irina Pollard (Australia) – Advances in Neuroscience and the Precautionary Principle: What Can Bioscience-Bioethics Teach Us?

Mary Vimalakumari Kalaiarasi and Selvanayagam (India) - Sensory Abilities Beyond Human

Mary Josephine Rani and M. Selvanayagam (India) – Benefits and ethical limits of transgenic animals

Pornvipa W. Chanakool (Thailand) - Science, Technology and the Supernatural in Contemporary Thai Novels

John Buckeridge (New Zealand) - Applying Ethics in a Professional context: what can we hope to solve?

Ivo Kwon (South Korea) - The current state of embryonic stem cell research in Korea

Jasdev Rai(U.K.) - Gender Foeticide: Exploring Beyond Medical Ethics


15:15-18:00pm 6. Ethics and Policy across the Pacific and Asia

Peggy Fairbairn-Dunlop (Samoa) - Is there a ‘greater good?’ Ethics policies in the Pacific

Samantha M.C. Pang (Hong Kong) and Michiko Yahiro (Japan) - How do Chinese and Japanese patients characterize the good nurse? A cross-cultural study of virtue ethics

Paungphen Choonhapran (Thailand) - Bioethical issues in intensive care nursing

Alireza Bagheri (Iran) and Ryuichi Ida (Japan) - Controversy over Medical Futility

Siriphen Piriyachittakornkit (Thailand) - A Conception Risk in Decision-Making

Nares Damrongchai(Thailand) - DNA Technology in Asia-Pacific: Scenario for 2015

A.D. Valsala  and M. Selvanayagam (India) - Awaiting Liberation of Animals from Experimental Clutches?

Masato Motoki (Japan) - Observations on ESD, animal rights and culture

Mary Vimalakumari Kalaiarasi and Selvanayagam (India) - Animal Rides and Ethics


18:00-21:00 Cultural Evening - Following a buffet sit-down meal participants are invited to present a short song, story, play, etc. to look at cultural diversity


Tuesday, 13 September

8:30-12:00am 7. Medical ethics and education

Noritoshi Tanida  (Japan) - Ethical views of first-year medical and nursing students in a joint bioethics course

Subrata Chattopadhyay (Nepal) -  An Earnest Appeal: We Need Spirituality in Medical Education

Aamir Jafarey and Farhat Moazam (Pakistan) - Bioethics Education in Pakistan: Challenges and Prospects

Anoja Fernando (Sri Lanka) – Bioethics Education in Sri Lanka: the Current Status

Juraporn Pongwecharak (Thailand) - Progress Report: Development of case study materials for teaching research ethics

Sr. Daphne Furtado and Karuna Ramesh Kumar (India) - Ethics in Paramedical Studies- Mapping A New Agenda

Dena Hsin Hsin-Chen (Taiwan) - To Accomplish the Life Education Mission through Having Bioethics Courses in Medical School

Heiko Ulrich Zude (Germany) - Biomedical Ethics Education in post-communist Eastern Germany

A. Nalini  and G. Srinivas (India) -  Ethics  Education in Medical Curriculum: Interns’ perspectives

Maude Phipps (Malaysia) - Bioethics Education in Tertiary Settings – The University of Malaya Experience

Brief introduction to the UNESCO GEO database


12:00-13:00pm Lunch

13:00-17:00pm 8. Bioethics for All and South-South Dialogues

Soraj Hongladarom (Thailand) - The Study of Bioethics and Interdisciplinarity

Jayapaul Azariah and Preethi Azariah (India) - Responses to Bioethics education Across Cultures – A survey to assess the bioethical need across Social Strata in Tamil Nadu, India  

Blaise Bikandou (Congo) - Impulse of ethical research in life science and health systems as foundation of development in Sub-Saharan Africa

M. K. Tadjudin (Indonesia) – Ethical Issues in the Face of Scarce Resources

Tran Han Giang (Vietnam) - Challenges for gender studies in the era of ever-growing development of biology

Kwami Christophe Dikenou (Togo) - The Teaching of The Ethics of Science and Technology in African Universities

Aroha Te Pareake Mead (New Zealand) - A Maori Perspective on the Principle of Informed Consent

M Mahmud Hossain et al. (Bangladesh) - Informed Consent in Health Research: Current State of Knowledge among Physicians in Bangladeshi Perspective

Ken Daniels (New Zealand) –Governance of Donor Insemination

Miyako Okada-Takagi (Japan) - Is the era of the therapy by tailor-made stem cell coming?

(Evening - Textbook project meeting; others free)


Wednesday, 14 September

(all day include session 9 and field visit  at Kasertsart University - Kamphaeng Saen Campus)


9. Biotechnology and Bioethics

7am leave Bangkok by bus from lobby of Tara Hotel to Kasetsart University-Kamphangsaen campus

9:30 Introduction to examples of plant and animal biotechnology research

Kanokwan Romayanon (Thailand) -  GM papaya for PRSV resistance

Parichart Burns (Thailand) -  GM papaya for delayed ripening

Wichai Kositratana  (Thailand) -  Biosafety study of GM-papaya in Thailand.

Pahol  Kosiyachinda (Thailand) - The Transgenic Thai Papaya Story – A Milestone of Thailand toward a Biotech Crop Country

Voravit Siripholvat (Thailand) -  Description of Thai indigenous chicken plumage colour and broodiness using classical and molecular genetics

Don Chalmers (Australia) – Is there a Need or Space for Gene Technology Ethics:  An Australian Perspective

Ellen M Kittson (Australia) – Victorian Governance of Biotechnology


Field site visits

The participants will be divided into 2 groups (approximately 40 for each group)

Group I : go to AVRDC (Dr.Julapark and Dr. Peerasak-contact person) and Biocontrol facility of Department of Plant Pathology (Dr.Chiradej-contact person)

Group II : go to Plant Research Group-BIOTEC to visit GM-papaya research (Dr.Orawan-contact person)

Group I and Group II go to the other sites.


3:30pm come back to main room for a combined session again

Kazuo Watanabe et al. (Japan) - Ethics in Public Communication on Agricultural Biotechnology

Minakshi Bhardwaj (U.K.) - Constituting ethics into biotechnology policies and developing international relations.

Mary Saral and M. Selvanayagam (India) – Benefits and Ethical Limits of Biotechnology

Tomiko Yamaguchi (Japan) - An Analytical Framework for Understanding Agricultural Biotechnology Controversies

Discussion on the field trip

5.00 pm Leave the campus for dinner at Nakhon Pathom


Thursday, 15 September

8:30-11:00am 10. Public health and ethics of research

Darryl Macer(New Zealand) – Ethics of use of genetic control methods for infectious disease

Naoko Kimura and Darryl Macer (Japan) - Gauging attitudes towards genetically modified mosquitoes

Xiaomei Zhai (China) - Research Ethics in China: History, Status quo and Issues

M Al Mamun et al. (Bangladesh) - Current State of Research Ethics in Developing Countries: Where Do We Stand?

Mihaela Serbulea (Romania) – Utilization of traditional knowledge and support of access to health

William L. Aldis (WHO) - Recruitment of subjects for clinical research from low-income countries: a critical analysis


11:00am-17:00pm (Lunch 12:00-13:00)

11. Governance Models for Genetic and Reproductive Technology

Don Chalmers (Australia) - The Regulation of Stem Cell Technology:  International Approaches to Restriction or Permission

Leonardo D. de Castro, Vice-Chair, International Bioethics Committee (the Philippines)- Informed Consent: An Essential Requirement for Essential Health Research

Derek Morgan (U.K.) - Recent comparative approaches to assisted conception and embryo research laws

Yanguang Wang (China) - Ethical Issues on Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in China

Somparn Promta (Thailand) - What are the points in human cloning debate? A view from Buddhism

Jürgen Simon (Germany) - Biobanking and Ethnic Monitoring

Brigitte Jansen (Germany) – International Comparisons of Regulation of Biobanks

Le Dinh Luong (Vietnam) - Some Thoughts about Implementation of International Bioethics Declarations in Vietnam Practice

Chan Chee Khoon (Malaysia) - Market-driven Biomedical Research: A Major Challenge to Everyday Bioethics

Irene J. Taafaki (Marshall Islands) - Avoiding biopiracy? Protecting Medicinal Knowledge and Plants"


17:00-17:15pm 12. Closing Remarks