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In Japan , the interest in WS/GS has been dramatically increasing in the last three decades. From research on the history of women and studies on sex roles in the early 1970s, to the introduction of the first Women's Studies advanced course in 1974 at Sophia University in Tokyo, half of all the universities and junior colleges in Japan offer courses related to WS/GS in the different academic fields. In 1996, the Institute for Gender Studies (formerly the Institute for Women's Studies that began ten years earlier) was established in Ochanomizu University . The Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research by the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports & Culture also has created a distinct category for gender-related research, and a growth of research institutes devoted to gender research has been stimulated by the World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995 and the enforcement of Japan 's Basic Law for a Gender-equal Society in 1999. WS/GS scholars and researchers are also actively involved in the formulation of national laws related to gender and serve as advisers to various committees within the national and local government structures.

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